Ric Werme's Guide to
Watts Up With That

Anthony Watts' Watts Up With That? blog is hosted by Wordpress, a blog host that works best for bloggers who post a few articles each week. Anthony and his crew post several articles per day, and trying to hunt down old articles is a bit frustrating. There is a search mechanism, but that seems limited to keywords in the original article. You can also look at a day's posts, but that's an inefficient way to browse through old articles.

People making comments have no hints as to how to format them. There used to be the barest of hints below the comment box, but it was a poor list, even wrong in places, and no longer displays. See the bottom of this document for better guidance.

WUWT Navigation Bars

Every so often, please take a break from reading the recent posts and comments to check the two navigation bars.

The top bar (with labels from "Home" to "WUWT stuff" goes to permanent posts that are updated frequently, sometimes automatically, sometimes manually. The most important label is "Resource Pages". When you hover the cursor over it, a submenu appears listing the the various domains WUWT covers. The most popular of these is the Sea Ice Reference Page. Many readers like to follow the progression of Arctic sea ice extent each summer because of the frequent handwringing from Al Gore and the NSIDC about how soon we'll have an ice free Arctic. Given that we've only had good data for this since polar satellites started returning images of ice cover, no one can make authoritative predictions for the current season, let alone the next.

The right side nav bar is a potpourri of information and links to internal and external sites. The search box searches the content WUWT posts but not the comments. It's a good way to hunt down some post on a subject you remember reading about. Some links go to Anthony's business, Weather Shop (please buy stuff there!), some have current images of a subject and a link to more information. Anthony's lists of other blogs is unique in that he links to blogs that are major detractors of WUWT, most of which disparage WUWT but don't link to it.

Everything else is pretty much self explanatory. It changes frequently enough so a periodic check is worthwhile to see what's new and what you've forgotten about.

WUWT Tables of Contents

Two series of ToCs are available:

Monthly - This is good to check if you know approximately when something happened and want to look for relevant posts. Even better, this is a good way to see what else was happening then.

Categories - This is good to check if you are interested in particular topics. Even better, if you are looking for topics to be interested in, check out the list.

You can also use the right side nav bar to find the same information displayed as WordPress see fit. This includes some text at the beginning of each post. My pages only have the title, and everything is in a single web page. They both have their merits.

WUWT Classics

Here are some posts that deserve to used as reference works, not just as comment-du-jour. The real reference is usually elsewhere, but a lot of us heard it first here.

Guest poster Willis Eschenbach always comes up with fascinating posts. Even his autobiographical posts are remarkable. He's collected An Index to Willis's Writings up to May 2011 and deserves this special entry here.

Titles and Links for the Last Two Weeks

Information here (and in the monthly and category pages) is collected soon after midnight Pacific time (which is WUWT time, at least as far as dates go). The "Recent" column is the number of comments made yesterday and may be most useful for finding older posts that are still active for some reason. Sometimes those reasons are an interesting exchange of information and collaboration. Sometimes it's just two pig-headed bores who don't know when to stop. Sometimes you can't tell the difference!

Daily summary Total WUWT
views to date
WUWT index page for 2018 Dec 15371,671,652
Stop the Personal Attacks and Answer the Climate Questions 00
Jerry Brown Tells UN That Trump ‘Does Not Represent The People’ Of The US 00
Surging levels of greenhouses gases are making people tired and stupid, scientists claim 00
How complexity science can quickly detect climate record anomalies Santa Fe Institute 00
U.N. conference climate alarmists out of touch with energy reality as world’s nations embrace increased use of fossil fuels 00
“...it is the change in temperature compared to what we’ve been used to that matters.” – Part 2 00
The Social Benefit Of Carbon 00
WUWT index page for 2018 Dec 14371,581,669
Let’s help Cliff Mass 00
Record-wet and record-dry months increased in regions worldwide 00
Switching to a home battery won’t help save the world from climate change 00
Colorado energy company Xcel goes crazy green 00
China Demands USA Give Money to China Because Climate Change 00
Lessons from the failure of the climate change crusade 00
WUWT index page for 2018 Dec 13371,483,517
Another Manntastic law footnote: the process is the punishment 00
NOAA: El Niño is expected to form and continue through the Northern Hemisphere winter 2018-19 00
Note to the Grauniad: “The East Antarctica glacial stronghold” is NOT melting! 00
Examples of How the Use of Temperature ANOMALY Data Instead of Temperature Data Can Result in WRONG Answers 00
Protesting carbon taxes with the Gilets Jaunes 00
Cliff Mass: victim of academic political bullying 00
Claim: Climate Change is Creating Dangerous Hybrid Puffer Fish 00
U.N. trots out phony sinking island claims after rejection of it’s exaggerated climate alarmist report 00
Jordan Peterson and Bjørn Lomborg 00
WUWT index page for 2018 Dec 12371,364,512
Madness at #AGU2018 – probability based tornado warnings 00
SHAME: @350 is Turning children into climate activists by encouraging school strikes 00
48 Arrests at Fossil Free Yale Protest… 00
Cooling effect of preindustrial fires on climate underestimated 00
Renewable energy reduces power prices by more than cost of subsidies, study finds 00
Trump was right about “raking” Finnish forests 00
Going To Zero 00
It’s the gradient, stupid! 00
NYT: “Fortunately, there is no climate change denier movement in China” 00
WUWT index page for 2018 Dec 11371,255,756
Nature: “Global warming will happen faster than we think”… Because it’s happened slower than we thought it would! 00
Green Taxes and Yellow Vests: Global Awakening amid Climate Fearmongering 00
The sky is falling?!? 00
NASA: Global Warming Promotes Arctic Sea Ice Growth 00
Washington State Voters Reject Carbon Dioxide Tax, Again December 7, 2018 00
Xcel Energy, Colorado’s largest utility, committed to going 100 percent carbon-free by 2050 00
Simple steps to climate-proof farms have big potential upside for tropical farmers 00
Climate lunacy takes center stage in Poland 00
WUWT index page for 2018 Dec 10371,146,391
North America sets all-time record snowfall in November 00
#Climategate continues – first look at the Mann-Hughes hockey stick emails 00
World’s nations increase CO2 emissions in defiance of climate alarmist driven “Paris agreement” schemes 00
Rules to boost fuel economy for vehicles will do more good than harm, new study shows 00
Trump Says Paris Climate Accord ‘Isn’t Working Out So Well For Paris’ As Riots Engulf The City 00
“Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #338 00
Cosmic Airburst May have Wiped Out Part of the Middle East, 3700 Years Ago 00
The snow job in Poland 00
WUWT index page for 2018 Dec 9371,026,077
The Deutch Energy Tax 00
Urban Heat Island Influence Inadequately Considered in Climate Research 00
How Should Businesses Deal with Climate Activist Staff who Get Arrested? 00
China is building coal power again 00
Climate change could wake up Canada’s dormant volcanoes 00
Climate change and wildfires. An Interview with An Imperfect Union 00
Climate Change Is Making Sharks Right-Handed 00
WUWT index page for 2018 Dec 8370,928,569
Hate mail of the week 00
The One-sided Worldview of Eco-Pessimists 00
“...it is the change in temperature compared to what we’ve been used to that matters.” – Part 1 00
The Green Climate Deal 00
Climate summit language reveals real but hidden agenda 00
Harvard University Experiment to Block Sunlight, to Prevent Global Warming 00
California officially becomes first in nation mandating solar power for new homes 00
New catalyst produces cheap hydrogen 00
WUWT index page for 2018 Dec 7370,830,361
Peak Oil Postponed Again: “USGS Identifies Largest Continuous Oil and Gas Resource Potential Ever”… And it’s in the Permian Basin 00
Permian Extinction… Because Climate Change! 00
Wildfire Attribution study full of smoke 00
Trump Has Another Plan Up His Sleeve To Rescue Ailing Coal Plants 00
Prediction of the Strength and Timing of Sunspot Cycle 25 Reveal Decadal-scale Space Environmental Conditions 00
Have The Poorest Countries Been Hit Hardest By Climate Change/Global Warming? 00
Washington Post: The UN Needs Enforcement Authority to Solve the Climate Crisis 00
Greenland Is Melting Faster Than Ever 00
WUWT index page for 2018 Dec 6370,722,205
Man, I Hate Being Wrong 00
Solidarity, Heartland Institute Sign Historic Climate Communique at COP24 00
Why did Trump say a lot of global warming was a hoax? We follow the biggest science heist in history to find the answer #Climategate 00
New publication: Climate Change Reconsidered II: Fossil Fuels 00
Utility customers overestimate cost savings with energy-conservation plans 00
The clever ruse of rising sea levels 00
France May Be Ahead Of The Curve When It Comes To Global Warming Policy Backlash 00
Italy Proposes €6000 (US $6800) Vehicle Sales Tax to Subsidise Green Electric Vehicles 00
WUWT index page for 2018 Dec 5370,609,166
Cooling Down The Land 00
Study: Global wind speed dropping, wind farms victim of “atmospheric stilling” 00
The Houston Chronicle: “Houston can’t afford to accept Trump’s view of climate change”… AEUHHH???? 00
The Arctic: we don’t know as much about environmental change in the far north as we’d like to think 00
Indiana utility seeks 12 percent rate hike to shut down coal power. 00
COP24 Climate Science Presentation by The Heartland Institute 00
Fishermen Sue Big Oil For Its Role In Climate Change 00
Ocasio-Cortez Attacks Public Funding for Tesla’s Green Technology 00
Hurricane Season Officially Ended, But Two Storms Did Billions In Damage, Left Dozens Dead 00
WUWT index page for 2018 Dec 4370,493,648
Now visible: Comet as big as the full moon 00
French Government Backs Down on “Climate Change” Fuel Taxes 00
Brown-to-Green Report: “G20 nations still led by fossil fuel industry”… Because fossil fuels are good for people. 00
UN Climate Summit To Emit More CO2 Than 8,200 American Homes Do In A Year 00
Uneven rates of sea level rise tied to climate change 00
New machine learning method predicts additions to global list of threatened plant species 00
Coping with threats from hurricanes, wildfires and rising sea levels 00
Excess winter deaths in England and Wales highest since 1976 00
Holistic, network approach to life science needed to solve systemic environmental problems 00
WUWT index page for 2018 Dec 3370,387,068
WMO Reasoning behind Two Sets of “Normals” a.k.a. Two Periods of Base Years for Anomalies 00
Legoland Bans Plastic Drinking Straws, to Protect the Environment from Plastic Waste 00
The Difference in Ice Types Causes Confusion in Global Warming Story 00
Does Starbucks think virtue signaling can “save the planet”? 00
“Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #338 00
Snowpack declines may stunt tree growth and forests’ ability to store carbon emissions 00
Whales are changing their tune and its likely our fault. Here’s why. 00
WUWT index page for 2018 Dec 2370,276,219
UN Patricia Espinosa: “Climate change impacts have never been worse” 00
President Macron’s Climate Change Fuel Tax Riots Continue in Paris 00
Dr. Willie Soon versus the Climate Apocalypse 00
"Scientists warn new Brazil president may smother rain forest 00
What Lousy Philosophy Tells Us About Belief In Global Warming 00
Update on Peter Ridd Legal Action 00
Details of the Horrible Carbon Tax Bill 00

Formatting in comments

Neither WUWT nor WordPress provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has start and end pieces and has general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the ending. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text Command strong does the same
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text Command em (emphasize) does the same
a (anchor) See <a href=http://wermenh.com>My home page</a> See My home page A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress, e.g. See http://wermenh.com
blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text
quoted text
More of my text
Quoted text can be many paragraphs long. WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike  
pre ("preformatted" - use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn't do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> Wordpress handles this very differently See http://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.
iframe <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/yaBNjTtCxd4" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Useful for including Youtube videos, see below.

The following commands appear to work only in replies to comments or in block quotes. There seems to be no explanation of why or how WordPress does this. I assume it's a bug, I assume they meant to prevent these commands from passing through at all. It may be that they let almost anything else through too. Oh my, these only work for me if I'm logged into my WordPress account (they don't work if I use my FaceBook account). It may be they work only because I have the ability to post new articles.

Bottom line: don't expect the following to work....

u (underline) This is <u>underlined</u> text This is underlined text Why, WordPress, why?
hr (horizontal rule) <hr>This has hr commands before and after the text<hr>
This has hr commands before and after the text
There's no ending command. You're expected to use <hr /> commands.
h1 <h1>Header size 1</h1>

Header size 1

These are used for section headers in long web pages, so may not be all that useful or welcome on WUWT. On my browser they display large blue sans-serif text.
h2 <h2>Header size 2</h2>

Header size 2

h3 <h3>Header size 3</h3>

Header size 3

h4 <h4>Header size 4</h4>

Header size 4

Levels 4, 5, and 6 all seem to do the same thing. They display small black text, subsequent text is normal size and hence bigger. In a reply, the header is in a serif font, in a block quote, it's a sans serif font like the rest of the quote.
h5 <h5>Header size 5</h5>
Header size 5
h6 <h6>Header size 6</h6>
Header size 6

Youtube videos

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, YouTube accepts the HTML for "embedded" videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the "embed" button and it will suggest HTML like:
<iframe width="560" height="315"
        frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

You can change the size of the frame to display by selecting one in the "Video size" menu below, I suggest not copying the width and height attributes, WordPress should choose a large size.

Copy and paste the HTML into your comment and it WordPress will generate something like:

Special characters in comments

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today's international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that's the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type thisTo getNotes
&lt;<Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&deg;°Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))

Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for digits 0-9)

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for digits 0-9)
&pound;£British pound
&ntilde;ñFor La Niña & El Niño
&micro;µMu, micro
&plusmn;±Plus or minus
&ne;Not equals
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt;>Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
N.B. this is generally not needed

Linking to past comments

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is "hidden" under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose "Copy link location" from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you're writing. You should see something like http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The "#<label>" at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, Wordpress will create a link for you, you don't need to add an <a> command around it.

Climate Audit Assistant

Another approach to dealing with this is a Firefox add-on that replaces the edit window with a better one that has buttons for formatting text. It's a two piece install, see the web page for details. It coexists okay with the "It's all Text" extension that lets you send the text in a text edit window to your regular editor.

Contact Ric Werme or return to his home page.

Written 2009 Dec 5, last updated 2014 December 28.