Ric Werme's Guide to
Watts Up With That

Anthony Watts' Watts Up With That? blog is hosted by Wordpress, a blog host that works best for bloggers who post a few articles each week. Anthony and his crew post several articles per day, and trying to hunt down old articles is a bit frustrating. There is a search mechanism, but that seems limited to keywords in the original article. You can also look at a day's posts, but that's an inefficient way to browse through old articles.

People making comments have no hints as to how to format them. There used to be the barest of hints below the comment box, but it was a poor list, even wrong in places, and no longer displays. See the bottom of this document for better guidance.

WUWT Navigation Bars

Every so often, please take a break from reading the recent posts and comments to check the two navigation bars.

The top bar (with labels from "Home" to "WUWT stuff" goes to permanent posts that are updated frequently, sometimes automatically, sometimes manually. The most important label is "Resource Pages". When you hover the cursor over it, a submenu appears listing the the various domains WUWT covers. The most popular of these is the Sea Ice Reference Page. Many readers like to follow the progression of Arctic sea ice extent each summer because of the frequent handwringing from Al Gore and the NSIDC about how soon we'll have an ice free Arctic. Given that we've only had good data for this since polar satellites started returning images of ice cover, no one can make authoritative predictions for the current season, let alone the next.

The right side nav bar is a potpourri of information and links to internal and external sites. The search box searches the content WUWT posts but not the comments. It's a good way to hunt down some post on a subject you remember reading about. Some links go to Anthony's business, Weather Shop (please buy stuff there!), some have current images of a subject and a link to more information. Anthony's lists of other blogs is unique in that he links to blogs that are major detractors of WUWT, most of which disparage WUWT but don't link to it.

Everything else is pretty much self explanatory. It changes frequently enough so a periodic check is worthwhile to see what's new and what you've forgotten about.

WUWT Tables of Contents

Two series of ToCs are available:

Monthly - This is good to check if you know approximately when something happened and want to look for relevant posts. Even better, this is a good way to see what else was happening then.

Categories - This is good to check if you are interested in particular topics. Even better, if you are looking for topics to be interested in, check out the list.

You can also use the right side nav bar to find the same information displayed as WordPress see fit. This includes some text at the beginning of each post. My pages only have the title, and everything is in a single web page. They both have their merits.

WUWT Classics

Here are some posts that deserve to used as reference works, not just as comment-du-jour. The real reference is usually elsewhere, but a lot of us heard it first here.

Guest poster Willis Eschenbach always comes up with fascinating posts. Even his autobiographical posts are remarkable. He's collected An Index to Willis's Writings up to May 2011 and deserves this special entry here.

Titles and Links for the Last Two Weeks

Information here (and in the monthly and category pages) is collected soon after midnight Pacific time (which is WUWT time, at least as far as dates go). The "Recent" column is the number of comments made yesterday and may be most useful for finding older posts that are still active for some reason. Sometimes those reasons are an interesting exchange of information and collaboration. Sometimes it's just two pig-headed bores who don't know when to stop. Sometimes you can't tell the difference!

Daily summary Total WUWT
views to date
WUWT index page for 2019 Mar 17381,218,632
March Madness – when climate doom pervades everything, everywhere, every day 1111
Hate Mail on Parade 3939
Dana Nuccitelli: “Climate denial caters to … old, white, conservative, American men” 4242
About the corruption of climate science 6969
California solar power plants ignite birds mid flight 4545
New insights emerge on what drives long-term climatic trends 9494
Planet-Sized Experiments – we’ve already done the 2°C test 9898
Climate Activists Demand a Global Green New Deal 00
WUWT index page for 2019 Mar 16381,101,777
An Analysis of the Recent Climate Change Hysteria 9168
NOAA: ‘Incredible’ amounts of snow in California’s snowpack 10147
Dr. Roy Spencer: “The science of climate change is anything but settled” 14940
California’s ‘permanent drought’ now officially over after 376 straight weeks 423
Gwyn Morgan: Talk about ‘collusion’: How foreign-backed anti-oil activists infiltrated Canada’s government 706
U.S., EU energy & emissions now insignificant to global energy & emissions growth 395
Make America Greater: Approve the PCCS! 505
WUWT index page for 2019 Mar 15381,005,550
Monbiot: Capitalism / Climate Change is Destroying the Earth 18513
Heat “waves” detected moving through pencil lead 491
Weird science: Tectonics in the tropics trigger Earth’s ice ages, study finds 1487
Energy Giants Force West Australian Carbon Tax Retreat 390
An open letter to #ClimateStrike participants 1232
Did Trump Appoint Jack the Ripper as Guardian of a Girls’ School? 1083
Economist Foresees “Quick Decline” in US Oil Production 1132
WUWT index page for 2019 Mar 14380,885,004
DOE Sec. Perry’s “New Energy Realism” (freedom and fossil fuels are essential, moral, unstoppable) 620
How sensitive is the climate to greenhouse gases? 1772
NY Attorney General Defies Judge’s Order in Exxon Case 620
Left Wing Leader: “Protest Climate Change After School Hours” 530
Tesla Factory Store Uses Diesel Generators to Recharge Slow-moving Model 3 Inventory 1100
Astronomers discover 83 supermassive black holes in the early universe 770
NPR: “It’s 2050 And This Is How We Stopped Climate Change”… Riiight. 0-200
WUWT index page for 2019 Mar 13380,778,213
CA sea level rise alarmist study ignores 30 years of NOAA data with no coastal sea level rise acceleration 483
Climate Change Activists Seeking to Exploit Religious Faith 1060
Dr. Will Happer is the Right Person to Lead an Objective Federal Climate Commission 710
Claim: By design, Australia will have no winter by 2050 910
Emails reveal how children become pawns of climate alarmism 520
Apple Censors AGW Skeptic Geologist… Was Al Gore Involved? 1021
Ocasio-Cortez Blames Pipeline That Hasn’t Been Built Yet For An Oil Spill 1330
Autonomous vehicles could be an environmental boon or disaster, depending on public policy 1200
Impoverished Island Nation Embraces Coal, Rejects Climate Change Narratives 900
WUWT index page for 2019 Mar 12380,665,999
Unions split with Democrats over ‘Green New Deal’ 710
It Sounds Crazy, But Fukushima, Chernobyl, And Three Mile Island Show Why Nuclear Is Inherently Safe 1960
Monster solar storm that hit Earth discovered in the past 551
Trump calls climate change crisis ‘fake science’, Greenpeace goes berserk, gets caught in a lie 2350
UNEP: Climate change is empowering women in Sudan… Or something to that effect. 610
Trump Budget Guts Renewable Energy Spending To Pay For Border Wall 720
Maine Becomes The Most Recent Blue State To Reject A Carbon Tax 520
Massive twin star discovered snuggling close to its stellar sibling 280
WUWT index page for 2019 Mar 11380,540,390
Climate Change Student Strikes: An Aspergers Kid Believed Climate Change Claims 1460
Good News on Climate Change! We’re Safe. We’re Adaptable. Six points for Discussion. 770
Another Failed Energy Prediction: Peak Oil Demand 1180
California’s ‘permanent drought’ is now washed away by reality 1212
The @JCU ‘Bad Riddance’ 730
America is set to surpass Saudi Arabia in a ‘remarkable’ oil milestone 1000
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #351 210
Washington Times: “Tornado Drought” Impacting Democrat Climate Change Narrative 820
WUWT index page for 2019 Mar 10380,418,501
Benny Peiser: Energy Revolts & The Crisis of Europe’s Green Energy Agenda 740
Hubble’s dazzling display of 2 colliding galaxies 1000
Significant interview with Patrick Moore on Breitbart. Merits a listen and more exposure. 740
Climate Crusaders Are Wrong About Norway’s Oil Divestment Proposal 650
Climate Scientist Nic Lewis: ‘European CO2 Emissions Don’t Matter’ 1170
Does Government R&D Policy Mainly Benefit Scientists and Engineers? 810
WUWT index page for 2019 Mar 9380,312,882
Auroral Evidence of Upcoming Mini or Little Ice Age? 1210
We Were Wrong About the Economic Impact of Student Climate Change Strikes 660
Saturday Silliness – Who should lead the climate revolution? 890
Forbes: Climate Change to Blame for Cold February Jobs Slowdown 0-104
Solar energy may have caused California’s wildfires 800
Life-Saving Golden Rice Finally Gets to Poor Farmers Despite Environmentalist Opposition 730
Stop the anti-climate science totalitarians 1420
WUWT index page for 2019 Mar 8380,223,526
Not Threatened By Climate Change: Orkney Islands 820
Dr. Peter Ridd climate skeptic dismissal case finally heads to court 460
A Presidential Committee on Climate Security (PCCS) is needed now 660
America needs President Trump’s Climate Science Committee 400
Arnold Schwarzenegger Planning To Sue Oil Companies To Force Climate Policies 1560
President Trump Seeking Major Cuts to Renewable Subsidies 1190
WUWT index page for 2019 Mar 7380,115,829
Is Satellite Altimeter-based Sea Level Rise Acceleration from a Biased Water Vapor Correction? 1220
UAH Global Temperature Report: February 2019 1030
Tilting at Windmills – a Brief Update 1740
CNN: “How climate change is fueling extremism” 910
Fabricated Climate Crises – Scary Camp Fire Stories? 700
Declining Solar Activity 1460
Cal Fire report pinpoints thinning of forests to reduce Ca. wildfire risks 610
Migrating snowline plays outsized role in setting pace of Greenland ice melt 590
New All-time Record Low Temperature in Illinois 0-103
WUWT index page for 2019 Mar 6379,989,925
Bugs “Taste Like Chocolate”: Greens using Madagascar to Field Test Crazy Climate Friendly Conservation Ideas 750
Former Defence Chiefs Demand President Trump Desist From Reviewing Climate Change Advice 1520
Peter Ridd case has been set for 26-28 March with Judge Vasta but yet to have a courtroom assigned. 380
Women Go On BirthStrike Because Of Climate Change 1700
Study: Climate change is leading to unpredictable ecosystem disruption for migratory birds 890
WUWT index page for 2019 Mar 5379,871,936
UCF research laying groundwork for off-world colonies 710
30 years of NOAA tide gauge data debunk 1988 Senate hearing climate alarmist claims 1290
The ‘trick’: How More Cooling Generates Global Warming 1841
Climate Action Champion Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez Accused of Massive Campaign Finance Violations 1390
Climate Change Generational Suicide: 38% of Millennials Worried About Having Children 810
2020 Hopeful John Hickenlooper’s Bringing Together Oil Companies And Greens Was More ‘Coercion’ Than ‘Kumbaya,’ Expert Says 530
Doing a Good Thing 1100
WUWT index page for 2019 Mar 4379,736,260
Climate Science’s Myth-Buster: It’s time to be scientific about global warming, says climatologist Judith Curry. 1420
ClimateGate continues – the Mann Hockeystick University of Arizona emails are now public 0-362
Lake Oroville nearing spillway level – watch using a new tool 1350
A long view of California’s climate 520
Bloomberg’s attempt to install climate lawyer stooges thwarted in Virginia 490
Well Funded Green Attack Against Climate Skeptic Tony Abbott 890
Justifying the Devolution of Journalistic standards. 550
Environmentalist Tells Tucker Carlson: Renewables Can’t Save The Planet 1820
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #350 0-7

Formatting in comments

Neither WUWT nor WordPress provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has start and end pieces and has general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the ending. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text Command strong does the same
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text Command em (emphasize) does the same
a (anchor) See <a href=http://wermenh.com>My home page</a> See My home page A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress, e.g. See http://wermenh.com
blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text
quoted text
More of my text
Quoted text can be many paragraphs long. WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike  
pre ("preformatted" - use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn't do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> Wordpress handles this very differently See http://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.
iframe <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/yaBNjTtCxd4" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Useful for including Youtube videos, see below.

The following commands appear to work only in replies to comments or in block quotes. There seems to be no explanation of why or how WordPress does this. I assume it's a bug, I assume they meant to prevent these commands from passing through at all. It may be that they let almost anything else through too. Oh my, these only work for me if I'm logged into my WordPress account (they don't work if I use my FaceBook account). It may be they work only because I have the ability to post new articles.

Bottom line: don't expect the following to work....

u (underline) This is <u>underlined</u> text This is underlined text Why, WordPress, why?
hr (horizontal rule) <hr>This has hr commands before and after the text<hr>
This has hr commands before and after the text
There's no ending command. You're expected to use <hr /> commands.
h1 <h1>Header size 1</h1>

Header size 1

These are used for section headers in long web pages, so may not be all that useful or welcome on WUWT. On my browser they display large blue sans-serif text.
h2 <h2>Header size 2</h2>

Header size 2

h3 <h3>Header size 3</h3>

Header size 3

h4 <h4>Header size 4</h4>

Header size 4

Levels 4, 5, and 6 all seem to do the same thing. They display small black text, subsequent text is normal size and hence bigger. In a reply, the header is in a serif font, in a block quote, it's a sans serif font like the rest of the quote.
h5 <h5>Header size 5</h5>
Header size 5
h6 <h6>Header size 6</h6>
Header size 6

Youtube videos

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, YouTube accepts the HTML for "embedded" videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the "embed" button and it will suggest HTML like:
<iframe width="560" height="315"
        frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

You can change the size of the frame to display by selecting one in the "Video size" menu below, I suggest not copying the width and height attributes, WordPress should choose a large size.

Copy and paste the HTML into your comment and it WordPress will generate something like:

Special characters in comments

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today's international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that's the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type thisTo getNotes
&lt;<Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&deg;°Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))

Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for digits 0-9)

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for digits 0-9)
&pound;£British pound
&ntilde;ñFor La Niña & El Niño
&micro;µMu, micro
&plusmn;±Plus or minus
&ne;Not equals
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt;>Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
N.B. this is generally not needed

Linking to past comments

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is "hidden" under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose "Copy link location" from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you're writing. You should see something like http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The "#<label>" at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, Wordpress will create a link for you, you don't need to add an <a> command around it.

Climate Audit Assistant

Another approach to dealing with this is a Firefox add-on that replaces the edit window with a better one that has buttons for formatting text. It's a two piece install, see the web page for details. It coexists okay with the "It's all Text" extension that lets you send the text in a text edit window to your regular editor.

Contact Ric Werme or return to his home page.

Written 2009 Dec 5, last updated 2014 December 28.