Ric Werme's Guide to
Watts Up With That

Anthony Watts' Watts Up With That? blog is hosted by Wordpress, a blog host that works best for bloggers who post a few articles each week. Anthony and his crew post several articles per day, and trying to hunt down old articles is a bit frustrating. There is a search mechanism, but that seems limited to keywords in the original article. You can also look at a day's posts, but that's an inefficient way to browse through old articles.

People making comments have no hints as to how to format them. There used to be the barest of hints below the comment box, but it was a poor list, even wrong in places, and no longer displays. See the bottom of this document for better guidance.

WUWT Navigation Bars

Every so often, please take a break from reading the recent posts and comments to check the two navigation bars.

The top bar (with labels from "Home" to "WUWT stuff" goes to permanent posts that are updated frequently, sometimes automatically, sometimes manually. The most important label is "Resource Pages". When you hover the cursor over it, a submenu appears listing the the various domains WUWT covers. The most popular of these is the Sea Ice Reference Page. Many readers like to follow the progression of Arctic sea ice extent each summer because of the frequent handwringing from Al Gore and the NSIDC about how soon we'll have an ice free Arctic. Given that we've only had good data for this since polar satellites started returning images of ice cover, no one can make authoritative predictions for the current season, let alone the next.

The right side nav bar is a potpourri of information and links to internal and external sites. The search box searches the content WUWT posts but not the comments. It's a good way to hunt down some post on a subject you remember reading about. Some links go to Anthony's business, Weather Shop (please buy stuff there!), some have current images of a subject and a link to more information. Anthony's lists of other blogs is unique in that he links to blogs that are major detractors of WUWT, most of which disparage WUWT but don't link to it.

Everything else is pretty much self explanatory. It changes frequently enough so a periodic check is worthwhile to see what's new and what you've forgotten about.

WUWT Tables of Contents

Two series of ToCs are available:

Monthly - This is good to check if you know approximately when something happened and want to look for relevant posts. Even better, this is a good way to see what else was happening then.

Categories - This is good to check if you are interested in particular topics. Even better, if you are looking for topics to be interested in, check out the list.

You can also use the right side nav bar to find the same information displayed as WordPress see fit. This includes some text at the beginning of each post. My pages only have the title, and everything is in a single web page. They both have their merits.

WUWT Classics

Here are some posts that deserve to used as reference works, not just as comment-du-jour. The real reference is usually elsewhere, but a lot of us heard it first here.

Guest poster Willis Eschenbach always comes up with fascinating posts. Even his autobiographical posts are remarkable. He's collected An Index to Willis's Writings up to May 2011 and deserves this special entry here.

Titles and Links for the Last Two Weeks

Information here (and in the monthly and category pages) is collected soon after midnight Pacific time (which is WUWT time, at least as far as dates go). The "Recent" column is the number of comments made yesterday and may be most useful for finding older posts that are still active for some reason. Sometimes those reasons are an interesting exchange of information and collaboration. Sometimes it's just two pig-headed bores who don't know when to stop. Sometimes you can't tell the difference!

Daily summary Total WUWT
views to date
WUWT index page for 2017 Feb 20303,336,306
Fresh Congressional Probe into Flawed Karl “Pausebuster” Scandal 4545
Risk and Nuclear Power Plants 345345
Short Selling Skeptic Cashing In On Solar Company Collapses 113113
Climate Science and Climatology; Specialization and Generalization; Forest and Trees 155155
WUWT index page for 2017 Feb 19303,205,213
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #259 1110
Storm: 10 trillion gallons over next 7 days for CA #LakeOroville watershed to get massive amounts of rain 29389
NASA to Focus on Space Science: Senate Passes the NASA Transition Act 29760
How Imminent is the UAH Pause? (Now Includes Some January Data) 23656
Green Panic: Supreme Court Nominee Thinks Government “Experts” Should Sometimes Lose 12015
WUWT index page for 2017 Feb 18303,072,665
Five Trillion Dollar Plan to Save the Arctic Ice 18711
New 1918 Style Flu Pandemic Fear 11515
Seminar for a term describing a non-existent problem: “Climagration” 704
Silly PR: Communications expert explains how science should respond to fake news 874
Oil – Where did it come from? 37544
Stokes and the “somehow” theory of ocean heat 24022
Happiness: Coal CEO Celebrates Trump Repeal of Unfair Anti-Coal Rule 1281
WUWT index page for 2017 Feb 17302,957,274
Heads are exploding – Senate confirms Pruitt to Lead EPA 3094
Oil – Will we run out? 2786
Fake News: Fukushima Edition 34614
California’s past megafloods – and the coming ARkStorm 1420
WUWT index page for 2017 Feb 16302,817,202
Vast Lake of Molten Carbonate Discovered Under the Continental USA 1672
USGS records small Earthquakes near #OrovilleDam 1430
“Energy Storage Set To Boom In 2017″… Yawn. 1730
William Happer on Climate Science: “They’re glassy-eyed and they chant” 3921
Claim: Same Sex Marriage The Model for Climate Action 1730
WUWT index page for 2017 Feb 15302,583,233
Trump Scaling Back EPA Climate Efforts 2300
Super-soaker: Atmospheric River taking aim on beleaguered #OrovilleDam 3280
More rain & snow forecast for California – will damaged #Oroville dam spillway weather the storm? 2200
Study: Advancing glaciers in New Zealand are a sign of ‘regional cooling’ 2150
Claim: ‘The blob’ in the Pacific boosted Western US ozone levels 620
WUWT index page for 2017 Feb 14302,427,650
Climate activists’ final act, as they move into the last stage of grief 39620
Petition: Help Climate Scientists Avoid Personal CO2 Emissions 1170
Wild claim: Climate change impacts on endangered wildlife massively under reported 1410
An oddity in the Karl et al. 2015 buoy data adjustments 1230
WUWT index page for 2017 Feb 13302,307,294
14 Reasons Why Silicon Valley Embraced Climate Alarmism 4150
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #258 170
Quotes of the Week: Met Office vs NOAA 1330
Bloomberg: Green Energy “Prisoner’s Dilemma” 1460
Claim: 0.7C / Century is Exceptional 1490
A Reverse Greenhouse Effect 2740
WUWT index page for 2017 Feb 12302,149,717
Oroville dam spillway expected to collapse 4321
French Socialist Presidential Candidate Offers Asylum To US Climate Scientists 2500
WUWT index page for 2017 Feb 11302,029,373
Lessons learned from the end of California’s “permanent drought” 1910
WUWT index page for 2017 Feb 10301,937,878
Claim: New “Green” Danish Facebook Data Centre Will Increase CO2 Emissions 1580
Damaged Lake #OrovilleDam spillway being sacrificed with high releases – now about 4 feet to top 4130
Climate science solution: bread made with cockroaches 1400
Friday Funny: In California, ‘children just aren’t going to know what drought is’ 1570
Claim: climate change made the modern horse, of course 940
Good news: Methane hydrate breakdown unlikely to cause massive greenhouse gas release 520
Oceans Melting Greenland campaign (OMG) 1850
WUWT index page for 2017 Feb 9301,808,065
Green Group Urges Activists to Apply for Coal Jobs, to Infiltrate the Carmichael Coal Mine. 1530
Oroville Dam Spillway collapse may be due to missing REBAR 2440
Scientists discover star with building blocks of life in it 1040
Dr. Judith Curry speaks out on climate science’s fatal flaw – the failure to explore and understand uncertainty 1960
Bespoke Climate Science: Temperature and CO2 Data Made to Order 1711
South Australia Heatwave Wind Power Collapse, Rolling Blackouts 2400
The hidden agendas of sustainability illusions 2230
WUWT index page for 2017 Feb 8301,676,191
Hilarious: Renewables Won’t Work – Even If Climate Claims are True 1690
Where did the 2016 El Niño’s heat come from? 3050
Hump Day Hilarity – actual study: ‘diesel trains may expose passengers to diesel exhaust’ 1630
Dr. Neil Frank on Climate and Caring for Creation: A Book of Good Intentions but Poor Science 2540
WUWT index page for 2017 Feb 7301,557,017
The New Maunder Minimum? Vegetable Shortages Strike London 3580
Even more on the David Rose bombshell article: How NOAA Software Spins the AGW Game 3230
More on the Bombshell David Rose Article: Instability in the Global Historical Climate Network 3140
Aussie Federal Senator Resigns, States Climate Policy Influenced His Decision 1020

Formatting in comments

Neither WUWT nor WordPress provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has start and end pieces and has general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the ending. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text Command strong does the same
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text Command em (emphasize) does the same
a (anchor) See <a href=http://wermenh.com>My home page</a> See My home page A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress, e.g. See http://wermenh.com
blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text
quoted text
More of my text
Quoted text can be many paragraphs long. WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike  
pre ("preformatted" - use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn't do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> Wordpress handles this very differently See http://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.
iframe <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/yaBNjTtCxd4" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Useful for including Youtube videos, see below.

The following commands appear to work only in replies to comments or in block quotes. There seems to be no explanation of why or how WordPress does this. I assume it's a bug, I assume they meant to prevent these commands from passing through at all. It may be that they let almost anything else through too. Oh my, these only work for me if I'm logged into my WordPress account (they don't work if I use my FaceBook account). It may be they work only because I have the ability to post new articles.

Bottom line: don't expect the following to work....

u (underline) This is <u>underlined</u> text This is underlined text Why, WordPress, why?
hr (horizontal rule) <hr>This has hr commands before and after the text<hr>
This has hr commands before and after the text
There's no ending command. You're expected to use <hr /> commands.
h1 <h1>Header size 1</h1>

Header size 1

These are used for section headers in long web pages, so may not be all that useful or welcome on WUWT. On my browser they display large blue sans-serif text.
h2 <h2>Header size 2</h2>

Header size 2

h3 <h3>Header size 3</h3>

Header size 3

h4 <h4>Header size 4</h4>

Header size 4

Levels 4, 5, and 6 all seem to do the same thing. They display small black text, subsequent text is normal size and hence bigger. In a reply, the header is in a serif font, in a block quote, it's a sans serif font like the rest of the quote.
h5 <h5>Header size 5</h5>
Header size 5
h6 <h6>Header size 6</h6>
Header size 6

Youtube videos

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, YouTube accepts the HTML for "embedded" videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the "embed" button and it will suggest HTML like:
<iframe width="560" height="315"
        frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

You can change the size of the frame to display by selecting one in the "Video size" menu below, I suggest not copying the width and height attributes, WordPress should choose a large size.

Copy and paste the HTML into your comment and it WordPress will generate something like:

Special characters in comments

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today's international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that's the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type thisTo getNotes
&lt;<Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&deg;°Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))

Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for digits 0-9)

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for digits 0-9)
&pound;£British pound
&ntilde;ñFor La Niña & El Niño
&micro;µMu, micro
&plusmn;±Plus or minus
&ne;Not equals
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt;>Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
N.B. this is generally not needed

Linking to past comments

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is "hidden" under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose "Copy link location" from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you're writing. You should see something like http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The "#<label>" at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, Wordpress will create a link for you, you don't need to add an <a> command around it.

Climate Audit Assistant

Another approach to dealing with this is a Firefox add-on that replaces the edit window with a better one that has buttons for formatting text. It's a two piece install, see the web page for details. It coexists okay with the "It's all Text" extension that lets you send the text in a text edit window to your regular editor.

Contact Ric Werme or return to his home page.

Written 2009 Dec 5, last updated 2014 December 28.