Ric Werme's Guide to
Watts Up With That

Anthony Watts' Watts Up With That? blog is hosted by Wordpress, a blog host that works best for bloggers who post a few articles each week. Anthony and his crew post several articles per day, and trying to hunt down old articles is a bit frustrating. There is a search mechanism, but that seems limited to keywords in the original article. You can also look at a day's posts, but that's an inefficient way to browse through old articles.

People making comments have no hints as to how to format them. There used to be the barest of hints below the comment box, but it was a poor list, even wrong in places, and no longer displays. See the bottom of this document for better guidance.

WUWT Navigation Bars

Every so often, please take a break from reading the recent posts and comments to check the two navigation bars.

The top bar (with labels from "Home" to "WUWT stuff" goes to permanent posts that are updated frequently, sometimes automatically, sometimes manually. The most important label is "Resource Pages". When you hover the cursor over it, a submenu appears listing the the various domains WUWT covers. The most popular of these is the Sea Ice Reference Page. Many readers like to follow the progression of Arctic sea ice extent each summer because of the frequent handwringing from Al Gore and the NSIDC about how soon we'll have an ice free Arctic. Given that we've only had good data for this since polar satellites started returning images of ice cover, no one can make authoritative predictions for the current season, let alone the next.

The right side nav bar is a potpourri of information and links to internal and external sites. The search box searches the content WUWT posts but not the comments. It's a good way to hunt down some post on a subject you remember reading about. Some links go to Anthony's business, Weather Shop (please buy stuff there!), some have current images of a subject and a link to more information. Anthony's lists of other blogs is unique in that he links to blogs that are major detractors of WUWT, most of which disparage WUWT but don't link to it.

Everything else is pretty much self explanatory. It changes frequently enough so a periodic check is worthwhile to see what's new and what you've forgotten about.

WUWT Tables of Contents

Two series of ToCs are available:

Monthly - This is good to check if you know approximately when something happened and want to look for relevant posts. Even better, this is a good way to see what else was happening then.

Categories - This is good to check if you are interested in particular topics. Even better, if you are looking for topics to be interested in, check out the list.

You can also use the right side nav bar to find the same information displayed as WordPress see fit. This includes some text at the beginning of each post. My pages only have the title, and everything is in a single web page. They both have their merits.

WUWT Classics

Here are some posts that deserve to used as reference works, not just as comment-du-jour. The real reference is usually elsewhere, but a lot of us heard it first here.

Guest poster Willis Eschenbach always comes up with fascinating posts. Even his autobiographical posts are remarkable. He's collected An Index to Willis's Writings up to May 2011 and deserves this special entry here.

Titles and Links for the Last Two Weeks

Information here (and in the monthly and category pages) is collected soon after midnight Pacific time (which is WUWT time, at least as far as dates go). The "Recent" column is the number of comments made yesterday and may be most useful for finding older posts that are still active for some reason. Sometimes those reasons are an interesting exchange of information and collaboration. Sometimes it's just two pig-headed bores who don't know when to stop. Sometimes you can't tell the difference!

Daily summary Total WUWT
views to date
WUWT index page for 2018 Mar 21346,861,435
BOOM! Federal Judge Dismisses Claim Of “Big-Oil” Conspiracy To Suppress Global Warming Science 9292
My Email To The NAS, NAE, and NAM 121121
National Academies of Sciences goes into police mode over “misinformation” 9292
New ClimateEx world map to scare the bejesus out of people 8989
“I’m a little worried the U.S. is falling behind”: Katharine Hayhoe’s Template for Climate Persuasion 221221
Stossel exposes the Paris Accord: The overheated cost of climate change 7070
WUWT index page for 2018 Mar 20346,750,859
Claim: Natural Variability will Dominate Until 2074 10346
Climate study: top 20% of U.S. diet blamed for majority of greenhouse gas emissions 14124
NOAA — Straight Talk on Sea Level Rise 11047
Eye-roller Claim: one year of Arctic data enough to proclaim ‘danger ahead’ 8120
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #308 31
Steve McIntyre discovers another hockey stick 496
Futurism: Demanding Climate Data is Evil 11235
New EPA Plan to Review the Obama Climate Endangerment Finding 822
WUWT index page for 2018 Mar 19346,629,028
Clueless: NYT Columnist Warns Of Climate Change While On Company’s Global Private Jet Tour 722
Just before his death, Stephen Hawking predicted ‘the end of the universe’ in a new paper 1839
Global warming on trial and the elementary error of physics that caused the global warming scare 715111
WUWT index page for 2018 Mar 18346,437,842
Long Temperature Records and Sunspot Minima 1663
Geoengineering Lunacy – Sea Walls and Volcano Bases for Polar Geoengineering 441
Australia’s Back Door Stealth Carbon Market 200
Approaching ‘grand solar minimum’ could cause global cooling 43213
Darwin — We’ve Got a Problem 2609
WUWT index page for 2018 Mar 17346,356,495
Ruling Climate Fanatics Obliterated in Aussie State Election 1411
Senator Sheldon Whitehouse’s Lonely Battle Against Climate Indifference 1050
As an historic solar minimum approaches, space radiation becoming more hazardous 1300
Claim: Climate change promotes the spread of mosquito and tick-borne viruses 770
WUWT index page for 2018 Mar 16346,286,514
The Climate Dictionary 1892
Claim: Businesses Must Work Harder to Regain The Trust of Greens 790
Climate scientist admits embarrassment over future climate uncertainty 2110
Another Manntastic Climate Horror Scenario Bites the Dust 580
An interview with Henrik Svensmark: cosmic rays, clouds and climate 1120
Missed correlation? Study says Earth’s length of day is increasing, while studying sea-level rise 980
New solar sensor will help monitor sun-to-climate link with greater accuracy 400
WUWT index page for 2018 Mar 15346,201,753
Claim: Global Warming Will Inhibit Plankton’s Ability to Consume CO2 1770
New paper tries to disentangle global warming from natural ocean variations 900
MIT report: it will take 400 years to transform to ‘clean’ energy 1930
The phytoplankton decline, is there anything to it? 850
Pres. Trump’s Pick to Replace Sec. of State Tillerson “Is a Bigger Climate Denier”! 1000
Mystery of Purple Lights in Sky Solved With Help From Citizen Scientists 300
Data in Bondage 1900
WUWT index page for 2018 Mar 14346,099,597
1988 Congressional climate change hearing: claims of accelerating sea level rise – failed 430
The Penguins Smoking Hockey Schtick 1040
An “Exceptionally large amount of winter snow in Northern Hemisphere this year” 1170
Inconvenient data: Fewer and fewer people die from climate-related natural disasters 340
@algore refuses an honest debate on climate – again – because he knows he’ll lose 670
Guardian: Bolshevik “Petrograd Revolution” Required to Overthrow Climate Complacency 1500
Essay: On the Abandonment of Logic 18520
WUWT index page for 2018 Mar 13345,993,850
Here we go again: Warmer Arctic claimed to create colder US temperatures 1260
SCIENCE Magazine: Sloppy Reporting 930
Dr. Katharine Hayhoe tries to scare Canadians with threats of warmer temperatures 1581
A conversation with Patrick Moore 1052
Kathleen Harnett White: Common Energy/Climate Sense 470
Do-It-Yourself: The solar variability effect on climate. 3310
More Polar Scientists Stuck in the Ice 1060
WUWT index page for 2018 Mar 12345,889,215
Bye bye Plastics Scare: Krill can Digest Plastic 810
Another government sponsored climate crapstorm coming our way 980
Doomsday Climate Scenarios Are a Joke 640
Arnold Schwarzenegger to sue big oil companies for “first-degree murder.” 2170
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #307 80
NYT contradicts itself on Arctic warming 320
Icelandic President: Stop Joking about Global Warming 1200
WUWT index page for 2018 Mar 11345,777,458
Climate Modeller Embarrassed by Her Air Travel 1070
Claim: Climate Change Forcing Poor People to Dig Up Buried Gold 650
With the sun spotless – cracks are forming in Earth’s magnetic field 1190
How bad will climate change be? Not very -‘consequences for human well-being will be small’ 950
WUWT index page for 2018 Mar 10345,691,808
Canadian Government: “consider the gendered impacts of climate change” 2190
Weird stuff – type VII water ice found inside diamonds 750
Washington Post: Trump Wants Government Climate Scientists to Stop Being Dramatic 1950
The Modern Warm Period Delimited 2200
Aussie Bureau of Meteorology Staff Accused of Using Work Supercomputers to Mine Cryptocurrencies 910
WUWT index page for 2018 Mar 9345,617,178
The Source Of The Heat 3230
OUT: One less climate alarmist 1200
Climate Scientists Running For Congress 1260
Quote of the week: “crazy stuff in the Arctic” 1610
MIT tries to reboot stalled nuclear fusion power development 1920
Cool science: NASA Satellites Recreate Solar Eruption in 3-D 70
WUWT index page for 2018 Mar 8345,527,434
Clean Coal: Carbon Capture and Enhanced Oil Recovery, Part Deux 1410
Press Release Science: ‘Dissolving Starfish’ – debunked 2410
Study confirms: #FakeNews travels faster than real news 740
Claim: Scientists accurately model the action of aerosols on clouds 820
Erie, PA buried under 13 feet of snowfall – breaks all-time record 1260
An environmental “poop de grace” – Manure could heat your home 773
Tragic Windfarm Death – Unanswered Questions 750

Formatting in comments

Neither WUWT nor WordPress provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has start and end pieces and has general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the ending. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text Command strong does the same
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text Command em (emphasize) does the same
a (anchor) See <a href=http://wermenh.com>My home page</a> See My home page A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress, e.g. See http://wermenh.com
blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text
quoted text
More of my text
Quoted text can be many paragraphs long. WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike  
pre ("preformatted" - use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn't do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> Wordpress handles this very differently See http://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.
iframe <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/yaBNjTtCxd4" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Useful for including Youtube videos, see below.

The following commands appear to work only in replies to comments or in block quotes. There seems to be no explanation of why or how WordPress does this. I assume it's a bug, I assume they meant to prevent these commands from passing through at all. It may be that they let almost anything else through too. Oh my, these only work for me if I'm logged into my WordPress account (they don't work if I use my FaceBook account). It may be they work only because I have the ability to post new articles.

Bottom line: don't expect the following to work....

u (underline) This is <u>underlined</u> text This is underlined text Why, WordPress, why?
hr (horizontal rule) <hr>This has hr commands before and after the text<hr>
This has hr commands before and after the text
There's no ending command. You're expected to use <hr /> commands.
h1 <h1>Header size 1</h1>

Header size 1

These are used for section headers in long web pages, so may not be all that useful or welcome on WUWT. On my browser they display large blue sans-serif text.
h2 <h2>Header size 2</h2>

Header size 2

h3 <h3>Header size 3</h3>

Header size 3

h4 <h4>Header size 4</h4>

Header size 4

Levels 4, 5, and 6 all seem to do the same thing. They display small black text, subsequent text is normal size and hence bigger. In a reply, the header is in a serif font, in a block quote, it's a sans serif font like the rest of the quote.
h5 <h5>Header size 5</h5>
Header size 5
h6 <h6>Header size 6</h6>
Header size 6

Youtube videos

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, YouTube accepts the HTML for "embedded" videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the "embed" button and it will suggest HTML like:
<iframe width="560" height="315"
        frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

You can change the size of the frame to display by selecting one in the "Video size" menu below, I suggest not copying the width and height attributes, WordPress should choose a large size.

Copy and paste the HTML into your comment and it WordPress will generate something like:

Special characters in comments

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today's international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that's the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type thisTo getNotes
&lt;<Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&deg;°Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))

Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for digits 0-9)

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for digits 0-9)
&pound;£British pound
&ntilde;ñFor La Niña & El Niño
&micro;µMu, micro
&plusmn;±Plus or minus
&ne;Not equals
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt;>Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
N.B. this is generally not needed

Linking to past comments

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is "hidden" under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose "Copy link location" from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you're writing. You should see something like http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The "#<label>" at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, Wordpress will create a link for you, you don't need to add an <a> command around it.

Climate Audit Assistant

Another approach to dealing with this is a Firefox add-on that replaces the edit window with a better one that has buttons for formatting text. It's a two piece install, see the web page for details. It coexists okay with the "It's all Text" extension that lets you send the text in a text edit window to your regular editor.

Contact Ric Werme or return to his home page.

Written 2009 Dec 5, last updated 2014 December 28.