Ric Werme's Guide to
Watts Up With That

Anthony Watts' Watts Up With That? blog is hosted by Wordpress, a blog host that works best for bloggers who post a few articles each week. Anthony and his crew post several articles per day, and trying to hunt down old articles is a bit frustrating. There is a search mechanism, but that seems limited to keywords in the original article. You can also look at a day's posts, but that's an inefficient way to browse through old articles.

People making comments have no hints as to how to format them. There used to be the barest of hints below the comment box, but it was a poor list, even wrong in places, and no longer displays. See the bottom of this document for better guidance.

WUWT Navigation Bars

Every so often, please take a break from reading the recent posts and comments to check the two navigation bars.

The top bar (with labels from "Home" to "WUWT stuff" goes to permanent posts that are updated frequently, sometimes automatically, sometimes manually. The most important label is "Resource Pages". When you hover the cursor over it, a submenu appears listing the the various domains WUWT covers. The most popular of these is the Sea Ice Reference Page. Many readers like to follow the progression of Arctic sea ice extent each summer because of the frequent handwringing from Al Gore and the NSIDC about how soon we'll have an ice free Arctic. Given that we've only had good data for this since polar satellites started returning images of ice cover, no one can make authoritative predictions for the current season, let alone the next.

The right side nav bar is a potpourri of information and links to internal and external sites. The search box searches the content WUWT posts but not the comments. It's a good way to hunt down some post on a subject you remember reading about. Some links go to Anthony's business, Weather Shop (please buy stuff there!), some have current images of a subject and a link to more information. Anthony's lists of other blogs is unique in that he links to blogs that are major detractors of WUWT, most of which disparage WUWT but don't link to it.

Everything else is pretty much self explanatory. It changes frequently enough so a periodic check is worthwhile to see what's new and what you've forgotten about.

WUWT Tables of Contents

Two series of ToCs are available:

Monthly - This is good to check if you know approximately when something happened and want to look for relevant posts. Even better, this is a good way to see what else was happening then.

Categories - This is good to check if you are interested in particular topics. Even better, if you are looking for topics to be interested in, check out the list.

You can also use the right side nav bar to find the same information displayed as WordPress see fit. This includes some text at the beginning of each post. My pages only have the title, and everything is in a single web page. They both have their merits.

WUWT Classics

Here are some posts that deserve to used as reference works, not just as comment-du-jour. The real reference is usually elsewhere, but a lot of us heard it first here.

Guest poster Willis Eschenbach always comes up with fascinating posts. Even his autobiographical posts are remarkable. He's collected An Index to Willis's Writings up to May 2011 and deserves this special entry here.

Titles and Links for the Last Two Weeks

Information here (and in the monthly and category pages) is collected soon after midnight Pacific time (which is WUWT time, at least as far as dates go). The "Recent" column is the number of comments made yesterday and may be most useful for finding older posts that are still active for some reason. Sometimes those reasons are an interesting exchange of information and collaboration. Sometimes it's just two pig-headed bores who don't know when to stop. Sometimes you can't tell the difference!

Daily summary Total WUWT
views to date
WUWT index page for 2017 Apr 26310,240,569
Demand Investigation of the UAH Shooting! 135135
Update on Possible Ecoterror Attack at UAH – Scientists Christy/Spencer 162162
In an attempt to discredit Judith Curry, Gavin at RealClimate shows how bad climate models really are 298298
Academic Freedom, Climate Change and Creationism 404404
WUWT index page for 2017 Apr 25310,132,061
Political left, right similarly motivated to avoid rival views on climate change, and other topics 10453
Researchers solve the century-old mystery of Blood Falls 7319
Nuclear Power Subsidies Threaten Wind and Solar Power… Proof That Truth Is Stranger Than Fiction 17843
Study: India won’t be able to meet Paris Climate Agreement commitments due to expanding coal power plants 8415
Föhn winds: New insight into what weakens Antarctic ice shelves 5711
Former Obama Official: Bureaucrats Manipulate Climate Stats To Influence Policy 12810
WUWT index page for 2017 Apr 24310,013,999
British Government Pledges Venezuelan Style Electricity Price Caps 18621
World Bank President: Lets Invest US $40 TRILLION in Renewables 1124
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #267 91
On Earth Day, shots fired at building housing leading climate skeptic scientists 34210
Watch Tropical Storm Arlene be ‘eaten’ by weather system 360
Robust relationship between solar wind speed and North Atlantic Oscillation discovered 21416
WUWT index page for 2017 Apr 23309,893,792
Neil deGrasse Tyson: Elected Science Deniers Are a Threat to Democracy 30216
Manipulated IPCC Science supported by Manipulated Appeals to Authority 1021
Sea ice off Newfoundland thickest ever yet another polar bear comes ashore 1562
The Meaning and Utility of Averages as it Applies to Climate 4057
WUWT index page for 2017 Apr 22309,797,497
Claim: Genocide in War-torn Cesspits is Because of Climate Change 910
Craziest activist photos from the #marchforscience #sciencemarchdc 4381
Happy Earth Mirth Day 480
WUWT index page for 2017 Apr 21309,707,598
First tropical storm of the season arrives 40 days early 650
Why I decided not to take Kenji to the DC ‘March for Science’ 2353
Commentary: A ‘Red Team/Blue Team’ Exercise Would Strengthen Climate Science 1610
I Love Neil deGrasse Tyson, but He is Wrong on Climate 4266
WUWT index page for 2017 Apr 20309,614,927
The Conversation: Business Schools Should Focus on Sustainability, Not Profit 1810
The “March for Science”–No Laughing Matter? Says Who? 2980
“Our Common Future” Revisited–how did the roadmap for the green juggernaut fare over 30 years? 1120
“Hard Lessons From the Great Algae Biofuel Bubble” 1801
The 20th Anniversary of Massachusett’s April Fool’s Day Nor’easter 340
WUWT index page for 2017 Apr 19309,518,428
Vox: Telling Parents They’re Hurting Sick Children Maximises Climate Compliance 1370
Proof the New York Times Stealthily Revises its Articles after Publication 2200
WUWT index page for 2017 Apr 18309,422,939
California Governor Brown acknowledges other states aren’t buying his climate hype… 2161
The Lure of Free Energy Part II 1815
Clean Coal: Carbon Capture and Enhanced Oil Recovery 2490
White House cancels meeting on considering Paris climate accord action 1240
‘Detergent’ molecules may be driving fluctuations in atmospheric methane concentrations 850
CEI Releases Ad Urging Trump to Withdraw from Paris Climate Treaty 1090
WUWT index page for 2017 Apr 17309,320,143
New ‘Karl-buster’ paper confirms ‘the pause’, and climate models failure 2670
Slingo Speaks: ‘…no extreme weather or climate event can be attributed solely to climate change” 1590
The Good, the Bad and the Null Hypothesis 4750
L A Times article deceptively hides 750 million metric tons of U.S. Greenhouse Gas emission reductions 870
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #266 190
WUWT index page for 2017 Apr 16309,210,768
Brexit Britain on EU Green Targets: “Trade and growth are now priorities for all posts” 1550
Where I get hate mail from an unhinged eco-warrior 4030
Real science must guide policy 2090
WUWT index page for 2017 Apr 15309,130,671
Discussion: Five reasons blog posts are of higher scientific quality than journal articles 2740
WUWT index page for 2017 Apr 14309,055,336
EPA Head / Paris Agreement: “It’s something we need to exit in my opinion.” 1390
China Chief Climate Negotiator: Where’s the Money? 1380
Huge Ancient Methane Seeps Discovered in the Canadian High Arctic 1460
The Lure of Free Energy 2740
What “permanent drought”? New all-time rainfall record set for California 930
Magic mushrooms become CO2 indicators for the urban lawn 720
New infrared-emitting device could allow energy harvesting from waste heat 800
WUWT index page for 2017 Apr 13308,963,391
Over the top: the sad case of Tripp Funderburk & the Coral Restoration Foundation International 2570
Claim: Next 10 years critical for achieving climate change goals 1490
80,000 Yrs of Arctic Ice Melted in Single Weekend 1500

Formatting in comments

Neither WUWT nor WordPress provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has start and end pieces and has general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the ending. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text Command strong does the same
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text Command em (emphasize) does the same
a (anchor) See <a href=http://wermenh.com>My home page</a> See My home page A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress, e.g. See http://wermenh.com
blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text
quoted text
More of my text
Quoted text can be many paragraphs long. WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike  
pre ("preformatted" - use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn't do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> Wordpress handles this very differently See http://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.
iframe <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/yaBNjTtCxd4" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Useful for including Youtube videos, see below.

The following commands appear to work only in replies to comments or in block quotes. There seems to be no explanation of why or how WordPress does this. I assume it's a bug, I assume they meant to prevent these commands from passing through at all. It may be that they let almost anything else through too. Oh my, these only work for me if I'm logged into my WordPress account (they don't work if I use my FaceBook account). It may be they work only because I have the ability to post new articles.

Bottom line: don't expect the following to work....

u (underline) This is <u>underlined</u> text This is underlined text Why, WordPress, why?
hr (horizontal rule) <hr>This has hr commands before and after the text<hr>
This has hr commands before and after the text
There's no ending command. You're expected to use <hr /> commands.
h1 <h1>Header size 1</h1>

Header size 1

These are used for section headers in long web pages, so may not be all that useful or welcome on WUWT. On my browser they display large blue sans-serif text.
h2 <h2>Header size 2</h2>

Header size 2

h3 <h3>Header size 3</h3>

Header size 3

h4 <h4>Header size 4</h4>

Header size 4

Levels 4, 5, and 6 all seem to do the same thing. They display small black text, subsequent text is normal size and hence bigger. In a reply, the header is in a serif font, in a block quote, it's a sans serif font like the rest of the quote.
h5 <h5>Header size 5</h5>
Header size 5
h6 <h6>Header size 6</h6>
Header size 6

Youtube videos

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, YouTube accepts the HTML for "embedded" videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the "embed" button and it will suggest HTML like:
<iframe width="560" height="315"
        frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

You can change the size of the frame to display by selecting one in the "Video size" menu below, I suggest not copying the width and height attributes, WordPress should choose a large size.

Copy and paste the HTML into your comment and it WordPress will generate something like:

Special characters in comments

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today's international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that's the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type thisTo getNotes
&lt;<Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&deg;°Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))

Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for digits 0-9)

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for digits 0-9)
&pound;£British pound
&ntilde;ñFor La Niña & El Niño
&micro;µMu, micro
&plusmn;±Plus or minus
&ne;Not equals
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt;>Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
N.B. this is generally not needed

Linking to past comments

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is "hidden" under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose "Copy link location" from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you're writing. You should see something like http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The "#<label>" at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, Wordpress will create a link for you, you don't need to add an <a> command around it.

Climate Audit Assistant

Another approach to dealing with this is a Firefox add-on that replaces the edit window with a better one that has buttons for formatting text. It's a two piece install, see the web page for details. It coexists okay with the "It's all Text" extension that lets you send the text in a text edit window to your regular editor.

Contact Ric Werme or return to his home page.

Written 2009 Dec 5, last updated 2014 December 28.