Ric Werme's Guide to
Watts Up With That

Anthony Watts' Watts Up With That? blog is hosted by Wordpress, a blog host that works best for bloggers who post a few articles each week. Anthony and his crew post several articles per day, and trying to hunt down old articles is a bit frustrating. There is a search mechanism, but that seems limited to keywords in the original article. You can also look at a day's posts, but that's an inefficient way to browse through old articles.

People making comments have no hints as to how to format them. There used to be the barest of hints below the comment box, but it was a poor list, even wrong in places, and no longer displays. See the bottom of this document for better guidance.

WUWT Navigation Bars

Every so often, please take a break from reading the recent posts and comments to check the two navigation bars.

The top bar (with labels from "Home" to "WUWT stuff" goes to permanent posts that are updated frequently, sometimes automatically, sometimes manually. The most important label is "Resource Pages". When you hover the cursor over it, a submenu appears listing the the various domains WUWT covers. The most popular of these is the Sea Ice Reference Page. Many readers like to follow the progression of Arctic sea ice extent each summer because of the frequent handwringing from Al Gore and the NSIDC about how soon we'll have an ice free Arctic. Given that we've only had good data for this since polar satellites started returning images of ice cover, no one can make authoritative predictions for the current season, let alone the next.

The right side nav bar is a potpourri of information and links to internal and external sites. The search box searches the content WUWT posts but not the comments. It's a good way to hunt down some post on a subject you remember reading about. Some links go to Anthony's business, Weather Shop (please buy stuff there!), some have current images of a subject and a link to more information. Anthony's lists of other blogs is unique in that he links to blogs that are major detractors of WUWT, most of which disparage WUWT but don't link to it.

Everything else is pretty much self explanatory. It changes frequently enough so a periodic check is worthwhile to see what's new and what you've forgotten about.

WUWT Tables of Contents

Two series of ToCs are available:

Monthly - This is good to check if you know approximately when something happened and want to look for relevant posts. Even better, this is a good way to see what else was happening then.

Categories - This is good to check if you are interested in particular topics. Even better, if you are looking for topics to be interested in, check out the list.

You can also use the right side nav bar to find the same information displayed as WordPress see fit. This includes some text at the beginning of each post. My pages only have the title, and everything is in a single web page. They both have their merits.

WUWT Classics

Here are some posts that deserve to used as reference works, not just as comment-du-jour. The real reference is usually elsewhere, but a lot of us heard it first here.

Guest poster Willis Eschenbach always comes up with fascinating posts. Even his autobiographical posts are remarkable. He's collected An Index to Willis's Writings up to May 2011 and deserves this special entry here.

Titles and Links for the Last Two Weeks

Information here (and in the monthly and category pages) is collected soon after midnight Pacific time (which is WUWT time, at least as far as dates go). The "Recent" column is the number of comments made yesterday and may be most useful for finding older posts that are still active for some reason. Sometimes those reasons are an interesting exchange of information and collaboration. Sometimes it's just two pig-headed bores who don't know when to stop. Sometimes you can't tell the difference!

Daily summary Total WUWT
views to date
WUWT index page for 2017 Oct 21330,722,420
#Geostorm – another climate related disaster movie, crashes and burns 8787
Ten Psychological Tactics for Avoiding Climate Science Accountability 3636
Trying to perpetuate alarmist climate “science” 8383
Renewables Advocates Trash Talk Nuclear Fusion 214214
WUWT index page for 2017 Oct 20330,649,388
Friday Funny: Fish are no longer depressed in the ocean thanks to Prozac 11151
What crisis? Global CO2 emissions stalled for the third year in a row 32763
Deepwater Horizon: EpiLLOG 16723
WUWT index page for 2017 Oct 19330,564,050
Climate Craziness of the Week: Michael Mann hawking “climate toothpaste” 2446
Al Gore at Rice University: More Climate Alarmism, Political Bias in Houston 903
Greenland ice stream retreated during a cold period of climate 360
U.S. Winter Outlook: NOAA forecasters predict cooler, wetter North and warmer, drier South 582
DOE Secretary Rick Perry: “Resiliency Pricing Rule” for Coal-fired and Nuclear Power Plants 1221
In Australia, faulty BoM temperature sensors contribute to “hottest year ever” 2080
WUWT index page for 2017 Oct 18330,457,791
WINNING: EPA to reform its science advisory boards 931
‘Way to go, Greenies’ 1551
Wind farm equipment shuts down Interstate 25 in Colorado 430
Turning wasted Methane into liquid fuel 980
Intensifying Typhoon Lan threatens Japan – but may miss mainland 310
Green Power is Part Time Power  1941
Fiji to Issue 100% Clean Energy Climate Change Bond 1080
WUWT index page for 2017 Oct 17330,355,718
60 scientists call for EPA endangerment finding to be reversed 1090
Dust stirred by ex hurricane Ophelia turned UK skies red 571
Inoculating forests against forest fires 1130
Fast regrowth in Arctic sea-ice outpaces recent years 2240
Claim: use ‘nature’ to beat climate change 980
Study: Some faiths may turn to religion for science answers 4066
WUWT index page for 2017 Oct 16330,253,889
Post-Tropical storm Ophelia hits Ireland 1490
“Tesla fires hundreds as Model 3 electric car production drags” 2343
EPA harnessed: Pruitt Issues Directive to End EPA “Sue & Settle” Practice 1200
Inconvenient: NASA shows global sea level…pausing, instead of rising 1730
Penguins devastated by “unseasonably extensive amounts of sea ice.” 800
A reply to Dr. Tim Ball 2110
WUWT index page for 2017 Oct 15330,125,471
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #287 90
Over 100,000 People in Green Energy South Australia Now Receive Food Donations 1330
Collapse of Global Warming Deception Triggers Variety of Bailouts and Revisionism 2790
President Trump Nominates Kathleen White to Environmental Quality Chair 720
The Obama EPA’s crooked prosecutors 880
WUWT index page for 2017 Oct 14330,029,263
Durable Original Measurement Uncertainty 5140
 Naive scientist awakens to the politics underlying climate change 3440
S&P Backs Renewables: “The Tide has Turned” 2340
‘Lights Out’ – an illustrated poem on green energy 670
Using the Orbiting Carbon Observatory for something useful: monitoring potential volcanic eruptions 1470
Claim: Brexit an “Existential Threat” to Advanced Nuclear Fusion Research 1270
WUWT index page for 2017 Oct 13329,948,779
Yellowstone Eruption: More Quickly, not Sooner 1400
Inconvenient: worms, clams, release as much greenhouse gas as 20,000 dairy cows 1180
Preparing for Al Gore’s Lecture at Rice University 1970
10 Atlantic hurricanes so far this season, but so were there in the past 600
Shock news: Melting ice in Greenland makes seawater a bit less salty 850
Al Gore unhinged – now even climate change believers are ‘deniers’ 2721
WUWT index page for 2017 Oct 12329,842,915
Claim: warmer oceans will boost hurricane losses 70% 600
Claim: Climate Action Could Help Heal the Rift between North and South Korea 490
Astronomers: ‘death star’ has devoured 15 Earth sized worlds 600
Trump’s nomination of Barry Myers to head NOAA is a mistake 780
QOTW: ‘Climatologist’ Hillary Clinton – shot down by reality 1760
AGU: long term global warming not to blame for Zika outbreak 210
Maybe Hollywood doesn’t produce great scientists? 1260
Dirty bird carcasses tell the story of how air pollution has improved in the last 100 years 1340
WUWT index page for 2017 Oct 11329,743,916
Ancient Pacific Northwest eruption, blocked out sun, cooled planet 890
Oh Noes! ‘Climate action window could close as early as 2023’ 1400
Claim: Renewables ARE the Cheapest Form of Power 3580
Alarmists still aren’t convincing – more Americans believe ‘paranormal’ more than fear global warming 1360
The Greens versus “Big Oil” 610
WUWT index page for 2017 Oct 10329,646,107
About polar bears and science on the front lines of the global warming debate. 1340
Study: Greens Have a Fat Carbon Footprint 2370
Asteroid to buzz Earth this week 760
Snowfall at the equator 530
Climate scientists reveal their ignorance about CO2 emissions and mitigation 1220
Weather Channel Founder: Life on Earth getting better – Al Gore is “guilty of scientific fraud” 1370
WUWT index page for 2017 Oct 9329,549,672
Claim: Formation of coal almost turned our planet into a snowball 1710
Aussie Revolution: Mounting High Level Attacks Against Renewable Energy 2060
Claim: Global Warming is drying up the “North American monsoon” 840
Science Gone Stupid: Human Extinction Edition 1320
WUWT index page for 2017 Oct 8329,424,081
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #286 160
Reported Plunge in Renewable Costs Prompts Aussie Government to Pull Subsidies 1860
Politicized sustainability threatens planet and people 1180
Weak solar cycle continues – the sun is spotless again 2850

Formatting in comments

Neither WUWT nor WordPress provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has start and end pieces and has general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the ending. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text Command strong does the same
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text Command em (emphasize) does the same
a (anchor) See <a href=http://wermenh.com>My home page</a> See My home page A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress, e.g. See http://wermenh.com
blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text
quoted text
More of my text
Quoted text can be many paragraphs long. WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike  
pre ("preformatted" - use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn't do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> Wordpress handles this very differently See http://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.
iframe <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/yaBNjTtCxd4" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Useful for including Youtube videos, see below.

The following commands appear to work only in replies to comments or in block quotes. There seems to be no explanation of why or how WordPress does this. I assume it's a bug, I assume they meant to prevent these commands from passing through at all. It may be that they let almost anything else through too. Oh my, these only work for me if I'm logged into my WordPress account (they don't work if I use my FaceBook account). It may be they work only because I have the ability to post new articles.

Bottom line: don't expect the following to work....

u (underline) This is <u>underlined</u> text This is underlined text Why, WordPress, why?
hr (horizontal rule) <hr>This has hr commands before and after the text<hr>
This has hr commands before and after the text
There's no ending command. You're expected to use <hr /> commands.
h1 <h1>Header size 1</h1>

Header size 1

These are used for section headers in long web pages, so may not be all that useful or welcome on WUWT. On my browser they display large blue sans-serif text.
h2 <h2>Header size 2</h2>

Header size 2

h3 <h3>Header size 3</h3>

Header size 3

h4 <h4>Header size 4</h4>

Header size 4

Levels 4, 5, and 6 all seem to do the same thing. They display small black text, subsequent text is normal size and hence bigger. In a reply, the header is in a serif font, in a block quote, it's a sans serif font like the rest of the quote.
h5 <h5>Header size 5</h5>
Header size 5
h6 <h6>Header size 6</h6>
Header size 6

Youtube videos

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, YouTube accepts the HTML for "embedded" videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the "embed" button and it will suggest HTML like:
<iframe width="560" height="315"
        frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

You can change the size of the frame to display by selecting one in the "Video size" menu below, I suggest not copying the width and height attributes, WordPress should choose a large size.

Copy and paste the HTML into your comment and it WordPress will generate something like:

Special characters in comments

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today's international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that's the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type thisTo getNotes
&lt;<Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&deg;°Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))

Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for digits 0-9)

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for digits 0-9)
&pound;£British pound
&ntilde;ñFor La Niña & El Niño
&micro;µMu, micro
&plusmn;±Plus or minus
&ne;Not equals
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt;>Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
N.B. this is generally not needed

Linking to past comments

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is "hidden" under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose "Copy link location" from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you're writing. You should see something like http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The "#<label>" at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, Wordpress will create a link for you, you don't need to add an <a> command around it.

Climate Audit Assistant

Another approach to dealing with this is a Firefox add-on that replaces the edit window with a better one that has buttons for formatting text. It's a two piece install, see the web page for details. It coexists okay with the "It's all Text" extension that lets you send the text in a text edit window to your regular editor.

Contact Ric Werme or return to his home page.

Written 2009 Dec 5, last updated 2014 December 28.