Ric Werme's Guide to
Watts Up With That

Anthony Watts' Watts Up With That? blog is hosted by Wordpress, a blog host that works best for bloggers who post a few articles each week. Anthony and his crew post several articles per day, and trying to hunt down old articles is a bit frustrating. There is a search mechanism, but that seems limited to keywords in the original article. You can also look at a day's posts, but that's an inefficient way to browse through old articles.

People making comments have no hints as to how to format them. There used to be the barest of hints below the comment box, but it was a poor list, even wrong in places, and no longer displays. See the bottom of this document for better guidance.

WUWT Navigation Bars

Every so often, please take a break from reading the recent posts and comments to check the two navigation bars.

The top bar (with labels from "Home" to "WUWT stuff" goes to permanent posts that are updated frequently, sometimes automatically, sometimes manually. The most important label is "Resource Pages". When you hover the cursor over it, a submenu appears listing the the various domains WUWT covers. The most popular of these is the Sea Ice Reference Page. Many readers like to follow the progression of Arctic sea ice extent each summer because of the frequent handwringing from Al Gore and the NSIDC about how soon we'll have an ice free Arctic. Given that we've only had good data for this since polar satellites started returning images of ice cover, no one can make authoritative predictions for the current season, let alone the next.

The right side nav bar is a potpourri of information and links to internal and external sites. The search box searches the content WUWT posts but not the comments. It's a good way to hunt down some post on a subject you remember reading about. Some links go to Anthony's business, Weather Shop (please buy stuff there!), some have current images of a subject and a link to more information. Anthony's lists of other blogs is unique in that he links to blogs that are major detractors of WUWT, most of which disparage WUWT but don't link to it.

Everything else is pretty much self explanatory. It changes frequently enough so a periodic check is worthwhile to see what's new and what you've forgotten about.

WUWT Tables of Contents

Two series of ToCs are available:

Monthly - This is good to check if you know approximately when something happened and want to look for relevant posts. Even better, this is a good way to see what else was happening then.

Categories - This is good to check if you are interested in particular topics. Even better, if you are looking for topics to be interested in, check out the list.

You can also use the right side nav bar to find the same information displayed as WordPress see fit. This includes some text at the beginning of each post. My pages only have the title, and everything is in a single web page. They both have their merits.

WUWT Classics

Here are some posts that deserve to used as reference works, not just as comment-du-jour. The real reference is usually elsewhere, but a lot of us heard it first here.

Guest poster Willis Eschenbach always comes up with fascinating posts. Even his autobiographical posts are remarkable. He's collected An Index to Willis's Writings up to May 2011 and deserves this special entry here.

Titles and Links for the Last Two Weeks

Information here (and in the monthly and category pages) is collected soon after midnight Pacific time (which is WUWT time, at least as far as dates go). The "Recent" column is the number of comments made yesterday and may be most useful for finding older posts that are still active for some reason. Sometimes those reasons are an interesting exchange of information and collaboration. Sometimes it's just two pig-headed bores who don't know when to stop. Sometimes you can't tell the difference!

Daily summary Total WUWT
views to date
WUWT index page for 2017 Dec 17337,028,486
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #296 22
Microsoft Invests $50 Million in Our New Green AI Overlord 111111
California sets new record for longest ever wildfire warning 6565
Bitcoin Climate Dilemma: Mining Bitcoin Consumes an Entire Country Worth of Electricity 245245
WUWT index page for 2017 Dec 16336,812,816
Extinctions and shutting down the Gulf Stream 19551
WUWT index page for 2017 Dec 15336,533,985
NAFTA Talks Stall Over Climate Change 11422
The Polar-Bear-Gate Saga: How a picture is worth a thousand lies – Paul Nicklen and Michael Mann vs Susan Crockford 14928
The sun is blank, NASA data shows it to be dimming 508145
Brown and Caldeira: A closer look shows global warming will not be greater than we thought 312
BREAKING: Trump to remove ‘climate change’ as a national security threat 40827
Quote of the week: The clouds, the 1%, and the ‘holy grail’ of climate science 998
France24: US Climate Scientists Emigrating to France 1511
WUWT index page for 2017 Dec 14336,387,003
Where The Temperature Rules The Sun 31957
Robusting the chances of a megadrought in the U.S. 530
More entries for ‘worse than we thought week’: climate change could accelerate by mid-century 1000
Clean Energy Researchers Recommend More Research Money 720
Is climate change REALLY the culprit causing California’s wildfires? 1111
Claim: Climate change made Harvey rainfall 15 percent more intense 1110
Calculating the Cost of Global Warming 790
Laser-boron fusion now ‘leading contender’ for energy 2220
WUWT index page for 2017 Dec 13336,284,054
New study puts the 1.5°C and 2.0°C temperature limits of the Paris Agreement into a historical climate context 1321
Weubbles Gone Wild: presenting alarming new projections for US temperature 790
Dueling science: One study says melting Antarctic ice sheet will flood US east coast, others say ‘uncertain’ 690
At #AGU17, in an attempt to prove ‘climate change creates more severe weather’, scientists resort to ‘p-hacking’ 940
Trump Administration to Open Oil & Gas Leasing on the Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) 470
French President Admits President Trump’s Climate Agenda is Winning 146-2
Hubble’s Messier celestial snow globe 270
What we learned from the eclipse at #AGU17 181
WUWT index page for 2017 Dec 12336,179,203
NOAA’s Arctic report card released at #AGU17 2500
ExxonMobil caves to climate activists 1292
New mechanism for El Nino enhanced storm systems 230
“Why did climate scientists emit 30,000 tonnes of CO2 this weekend?” 960
WUWT index page for 2017 Dec 11336,078,193
On the ‘IPCC climate model’ 1910
Study: finds a solar amplification mechanism by which solar activity & cosmic rays control climate 1840
‘Safe AGU’ plan adopted for #AGU17 meeting or The sad case of Dr. Sarah Myhre, part 2 1890
Laughable claim: Presenting facts as ‘consensus’ bridges conservative-liberal divide over climate change 1300
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #295 90
Population Growth and the food supply 1111
Paris Climate Conference V2: “only real commitments of real money for tangible projects will be discussed” 920
Starving polar bears are the fake news face of climate change 1920
WUWT index page for 2017 Dec 10335,952,189
Weapons Grade Goofiness: North Korea’s Kim Jong Un can control the weather 870
Importance of Aerosols (Particulates): Another Failure of the IPCC and ‘Modern’ Climate Science 270
Malthus Redux 2620
Survey: South Australians Fed Up with Unreliable Expensive Green Power 1430
Keystone is anti-hydrocarbon zealotry in microcosm 1010
WUWT index page for 2017 Dec 9335,861,674
World Population and Food Security: Adding Some Granularity 2430
Claim: More Frequent Less Intense Rainfall is Now a Problem 1450
Do humans harm the environment? 1560
Study: a ‘statistically significant downward trend since 1950 exists’ in hurricane landfalls 570
WUWT index page for 2017 Dec 8335,773,818
Narwhals freeze? Really? 860
Winning: UA ordered to surrender emails to skeptics of human-caused climate change 1390
Claim: Transformation to wind and solar achievable with low indirect GHG emissions 910
Some of the most encouraging graphs about the human condition you’ll ever see 1420
WUWT index page for 2017 Dec 7335,657,566
Guardian: President Trump Distracts Journalists from Reporting Climate Disasters 1420
Malicious WUWT troll sees police show up at his door 3001
Researchers nail down the long-sought source of ocean methane 710
Shock news: The Arctic influences Eurasian weather and climate 770
The sad case of Dr. Sarah Myhre 2710
Claim: Peeing in the Shower will Help Save the Climate 2670
An interview with Dr. Susan Crockford on the Harvey et al. attack paper over polar bear research 1740
WUWT index page for 2017 Dec 6335,541,185
Claim: Adding Fudge Factors Makes Climate Models Scarier 980
NASA: Radiation from Space is Increasing – weak sun to blame 2220
The human race has peaked – because, climate change 1510
Listing the Bearded Seal as Threatened: A Disturbing Victory for Untestable Hypotheses and Flawed Models. 490
The Polar Vortex Returns: Massive cold wave headed for Eastern half of US, Florida 1110
“Offshore drilling is not a fit for Florida”… It doesn’t have to fit in Florida. 690
Another ‘worse than we thought’ study: Warming to be 15% worse than worst case scenario 770
WUWT index page for 2017 Dec 5335,436,777
Retraction request for Harvey et al. attack paper on Dr. Susan Crockford 2540
New batteries for EV’s use “rust” for power storage 560
The SI (and data) for the Harvey et al. attack paper on Dr. Susan Crockford’s polar bear views 1690
Green California suffers from lack of urban trees – lowest per capita in US   500
“Pseudoscience is embraced, it might be argued, in exact proportion as real science is misunderstood”… Except in the case of climate change. 1840
The 1970s Global Cooling Scare (and how the warming scare could not have happened without it) 1010
WUWT index page for 2017 Dec 4335,331,295
Global Temperature Report: November 2017 841
Tamino 4580
Claim: Hot Days Permanently Damage Babies 1170
Another climate feedback found: ‘cooling effect of natural atmospheric particles is greater during warmer years’ 972
Lew’ed behavior: The Strange Case of the Psychologist, the Gun and the Foot 990
A Senate Tax Bill Energy Trifecta: Opening ANWR, Killing EV’s and Energy Dominance! 1380
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #294 90

Formatting in comments

Neither WUWT nor WordPress provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has start and end pieces and has general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the ending. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text Command strong does the same
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text Command em (emphasize) does the same
a (anchor) See <a href=http://wermenh.com>My home page</a> See My home page A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress, e.g. See http://wermenh.com
blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text
quoted text
More of my text
Quoted text can be many paragraphs long. WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike  
pre ("preformatted" - use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn't do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> Wordpress handles this very differently See http://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.
iframe <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/yaBNjTtCxd4" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Useful for including Youtube videos, see below.

The following commands appear to work only in replies to comments or in block quotes. There seems to be no explanation of why or how WordPress does this. I assume it's a bug, I assume they meant to prevent these commands from passing through at all. It may be that they let almost anything else through too. Oh my, these only work for me if I'm logged into my WordPress account (they don't work if I use my FaceBook account). It may be they work only because I have the ability to post new articles.

Bottom line: don't expect the following to work....

u (underline) This is <u>underlined</u> text This is underlined text Why, WordPress, why?
hr (horizontal rule) <hr>This has hr commands before and after the text<hr>
This has hr commands before and after the text
There's no ending command. You're expected to use <hr /> commands.
h1 <h1>Header size 1</h1>

Header size 1

These are used for section headers in long web pages, so may not be all that useful or welcome on WUWT. On my browser they display large blue sans-serif text.
h2 <h2>Header size 2</h2>

Header size 2

h3 <h3>Header size 3</h3>

Header size 3

h4 <h4>Header size 4</h4>

Header size 4

Levels 4, 5, and 6 all seem to do the same thing. They display small black text, subsequent text is normal size and hence bigger. In a reply, the header is in a serif font, in a block quote, it's a sans serif font like the rest of the quote.
h5 <h5>Header size 5</h5>
Header size 5
h6 <h6>Header size 6</h6>
Header size 6

Youtube videos

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, YouTube accepts the HTML for "embedded" videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the "embed" button and it will suggest HTML like:
<iframe width="560" height="315"
        frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

You can change the size of the frame to display by selecting one in the "Video size" menu below, I suggest not copying the width and height attributes, WordPress should choose a large size.

Copy and paste the HTML into your comment and it WordPress will generate something like:

Special characters in comments

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today's international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that's the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type thisTo getNotes
&lt;<Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&deg;°Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))

Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for digits 0-9)

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for digits 0-9)
&pound;£British pound
&ntilde;ñFor La Niña & El Niño
&micro;µMu, micro
&plusmn;±Plus or minus
&ne;Not equals
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt;>Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
N.B. this is generally not needed

Linking to past comments

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is "hidden" under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose "Copy link location" from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you're writing. You should see something like http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The "#<label>" at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, Wordpress will create a link for you, you don't need to add an <a> command around it.

Climate Audit Assistant

Another approach to dealing with this is a Firefox add-on that replaces the edit window with a better one that has buttons for formatting text. It's a two piece install, see the web page for details. It coexists okay with the "It's all Text" extension that lets you send the text in a text edit window to your regular editor.

Contact Ric Werme or return to his home page.

Written 2009 Dec 5, last updated 2014 December 28.