Ric Werme's Guide to
Watts Up With That

Anthony Watts' Watts Up With That? blog is hosted by Wordpress, a blog host that works best for bloggers who post a few articles each week. Anthony and his crew post several articles per day, and trying to hunt down old articles is a bit frustrating. There is a search mechanism, but that seems limited to keywords in the original article. You can also look at a day's posts, but that's an inefficient way to browse through old articles.

People making comments have no hints as to how to format them. There used to be the barest of hints below the comment box, but it was a poor list, even wrong in places, and no longer displays. See the bottom of this document for better guidance.

WUWT Navigation Bars

Every so often, please take a break from reading the recent posts and comments to check the two navigation bars.

The top bar (with labels from "Home" to "WUWT stuff" goes to permanent posts that are updated frequently, sometimes automatically, sometimes manually. The most important label is "Resource Pages". When you hover the cursor over it, a submenu appears listing the the various domains WUWT covers. The most popular of these is the Sea Ice Reference Page. Many readers like to follow the progression of Arctic sea ice extent each summer because of the frequent handwringing from Al Gore and the NSIDC about how soon we'll have an ice free Arctic. Given that we've only had good data for this since polar satellites started returning images of ice cover, no one can make authoritative predictions for the current season, let alone the next.

The right side nav bar is a potpourri of information and links to internal and external sites. The search box searches the content WUWT posts but not the comments. It's a good way to hunt down some post on a subject you remember reading about. Some links go to Anthony's business, Weather Shop (please buy stuff there!), some have current images of a subject and a link to more information. Anthony's lists of other blogs is unique in that he links to blogs that are major detractors of WUWT, most of which disparage WUWT but don't link to it.

Everything else is pretty much self explanatory. It changes frequently enough so a periodic check is worthwhile to see what's new and what you've forgotten about.

WUWT Tables of Contents

Two series of ToCs are available:

Monthly - This is good to check if you know approximately when something happened and want to look for relevant posts. Even better, this is a good way to see what else was happening then.

Categories - This is good to check if you are interested in particular topics. Even better, if you are looking for topics to be interested in, check out the list.

You can also use the right side nav bar to find the same information displayed as WordPress see fit. This includes some text at the beginning of each post. My pages only have the title, and everything is in a single web page. They both have their merits.

WUWT Classics

Here are some posts that deserve to used as reference works, not just as comment-du-jour. The real reference is usually elsewhere, but a lot of us heard it first here.

Guest poster Willis Eschenbach always comes up with fascinating posts. Even his autobiographical posts are remarkable. He's collected An Index to Willis's Writings up to May 2011 and deserves this special entry here.

Titles and Links for the Last Two Weeks

Information here (and in the monthly and category pages) is collected soon after midnight Pacific time (which is WUWT time, at least as far as dates go). The "Recent" column is the number of comments made yesterday and may be most useful for finding older posts that are still active for some reason. Sometimes those reasons are an interesting exchange of information and collaboration. Sometimes it's just two pig-headed bores who don't know when to stop. Sometimes you can't tell the difference!

Daily summary Total WUWT
views to date
WUWT index page for 2017 Jun 27318,119,758
More Scared Climate Scientists Share Their “Feelings” 7171
In Search of the 3% Renewable Energy ‘Tipping Point’. 149149
Study: Hydraulic fracturing (fracking) rarely linked to felt seismic tremors 4141
My excellent adventure into the March for Science 198198
2017 Global temperatures are leveling off – near 1980 temperature anomaly (depending on who you ask) 190190
WUWT index page for 2017 Jun 26318,019,207
NYT coins ridiculous meme: ‘Earth-scorching CO2’ 157106
California dumps millions of dollars of unusable renewable electricity to other states 187105
Fake News: “Top American Diplomat in China Resigns Over Trump’s Paris Climate Agreement Pull-Out” 17423
Another ridiculous scare tactic: 2 billion climate change refugees by 2100 15713
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #274 40
“President” Schwarzenegger Discusses Climate with President Macron of France 1465
WUWT index page for 2017 Jun 25317,918,699
We should be glad the US is out of the Paris Climate Agreement 1350
Aussie Government Broadcaster Gives Climate Skeptics Airtime 3219
WUWT index page for 2017 Jun 24317,843,396
The North Atlantic Seesaw 2503
WUWT index page for 2017 Jun 23317,780,725
AGU: Extraordinary storms caused massive Antarctic sea ice loss in 2016 2546
WUWT index page for 2017 Jun 22 
Some Fun with IPCC Texts 1280
What happened to the traditional role of skepticism in climate science? 1810
The American Meteorological Society @ametsoc falls into the consensus trap in a letter to Rick Perry 2190
El Niño WATCH cancelled; ENSO neutral likely for 2017 630
“The Answer to What’s Actually Killing Coal” Is “Not Even Wrong” 1220
Solved: The mystery of unexplained ‘bright nights’ 510
Richard Branson “Baffled” By President Trump’s Paris Decision 1631
WUWT index page for 2017 Jun 21317,579,958
Renewable energy cost and reliability claims exposed and debunked 1320
EPA’s suspect science 1430
Status update and sincere thanks 2670
Study finds: Corn better used as food than biofuel 1230
Claim: Carbon Taxes are Not Punitive, they Just Change Behaviour 1970
WUWT index page for 2017 Jun 20317,461,604
A Rebuttal to Environmentalists’ Claims That “Arctic Drilling Revenue Predictions Are ‘Way Off’” 900
Tesla car battery production releases as much CO2 as 8 years of gasoline driving 3422
The New ‘Consensus’ On Global Warming – a shocking admission by “Team Climate” 3161
Study: California once had 150 straight years of stormy, wet, weather 650
AAAS: “Let’s hold them accountable” 1190
WUWT index page for 2017 Jun 19317,350,375
Climate Study: The Lobsters are Safe – For Now 610
The Laws of Averages: Part 2, A Beam of Darkness 2460
New Study: Scientists Find Recent Uk Flooding Is Not Unprecedented 901
Why "Climate Science" Snubs Climatic Temperature 1750
WUWT index page for 2017 Jun 18317,243,554
Major refresh to WUWT’s Sea Ice Reference page 701
Did UK Government Climate Mania Contribute to the Grenfell Tower Disaster? 4190
Global versus Greenland Holocene Temperatures 820
The Quasi Geostrophic Global Atmosphere and Related Gyres 650
WUWT index page for 2017 Jun 17317,160,524
Daily Telegraph: There is No Such Thing as Affordable Renewable Energy 2710
Paleo Expert: Earth is Not in the Midst of a Sixth Mass Extinction 2160
Shocker: Government mandated trillions in global renewable investment tally 1610
WUWT index page for 2017 Jun 16317,091,944
Claim: Global diet and farming methods ‘must change for environment’s sake’ 3050
WUWT index page for 2017 Jun 15317,019,461
Obvious science from Antarctica: ice melts in warmer temperatures thanks for El Nino 1180
EU: There Will Be No Renegotiation of Paris! (AKA “The Art of the Deal”) 2880
Arctic Expedition Cancelled Due to Excess “Climate Change” 2430
WUWT index page for 2017 Jun 14316,922,952
IEA Report Gives F’s to Most Green Tech 2430
Time Magazine: Without US Money Global Climate Progress Will Slow 1260
The Laws of Averages: Part 1, Fruit Salad 2480
WUWT at 10+ years – I need some help, please 7080

Formatting in comments

Neither WUWT nor WordPress provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has start and end pieces and has general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the ending. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text Command strong does the same
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text Command em (emphasize) does the same
a (anchor) See <a href=http://wermenh.com>My home page</a> See My home page A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress, e.g. See http://wermenh.com
blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text
quoted text
More of my text
Quoted text can be many paragraphs long. WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike  
pre ("preformatted" - use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn't do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> Wordpress handles this very differently See http://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.
iframe <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/yaBNjTtCxd4" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Useful for including Youtube videos, see below.

The following commands appear to work only in replies to comments or in block quotes. There seems to be no explanation of why or how WordPress does this. I assume it's a bug, I assume they meant to prevent these commands from passing through at all. It may be that they let almost anything else through too. Oh my, these only work for me if I'm logged into my WordPress account (they don't work if I use my FaceBook account). It may be they work only because I have the ability to post new articles.

Bottom line: don't expect the following to work....

u (underline) This is <u>underlined</u> text This is underlined text Why, WordPress, why?
hr (horizontal rule) <hr>This has hr commands before and after the text<hr>
This has hr commands before and after the text
There's no ending command. You're expected to use <hr /> commands.
h1 <h1>Header size 1</h1>

Header size 1

These are used for section headers in long web pages, so may not be all that useful or welcome on WUWT. On my browser they display large blue sans-serif text.
h2 <h2>Header size 2</h2>

Header size 2

h3 <h3>Header size 3</h3>

Header size 3

h4 <h4>Header size 4</h4>

Header size 4

Levels 4, 5, and 6 all seem to do the same thing. They display small black text, subsequent text is normal size and hence bigger. In a reply, the header is in a serif font, in a block quote, it's a sans serif font like the rest of the quote.
h5 <h5>Header size 5</h5>
Header size 5
h6 <h6>Header size 6</h6>
Header size 6

Youtube videos

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, YouTube accepts the HTML for "embedded" videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the "embed" button and it will suggest HTML like:
<iframe width="560" height="315"
        frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

You can change the size of the frame to display by selecting one in the "Video size" menu below, I suggest not copying the width and height attributes, WordPress should choose a large size.

Copy and paste the HTML into your comment and it WordPress will generate something like:

Special characters in comments

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today's international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that's the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type thisTo getNotes
&lt;<Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&deg;°Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))

Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for digits 0-9)

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for digits 0-9)
&pound;£British pound
&ntilde;ñFor La Niña & El Niño
&micro;µMu, micro
&plusmn;±Plus or minus
&ne;Not equals
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt;>Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
N.B. this is generally not needed

Linking to past comments

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is "hidden" under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose "Copy link location" from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you're writing. You should see something like http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The "#<label>" at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, Wordpress will create a link for you, you don't need to add an <a> command around it.

Climate Audit Assistant

Another approach to dealing with this is a Firefox add-on that replaces the edit window with a better one that has buttons for formatting text. It's a two piece install, see the web page for details. It coexists okay with the "It's all Text" extension that lets you send the text in a text edit window to your regular editor.

Contact Ric Werme or return to his home page.

Written 2009 Dec 5, last updated 2014 December 28.