Ric Werme's Guide to
Watts Up With That

Anthony Watts' Watts Up With That? blog is hosted by Wordpress, a blog host that works best for bloggers who post a few articles each week. Anthony and his crew post several articles per day, and trying to hunt down old articles is a bit frustrating. There is a search mechanism, but that seems limited to keywords in the original article. You can also look at a day's posts, but that's an inefficient way to browse through old articles.

People making comments have no hints as to how to format them. There used to be the barest of hints below the comment box, but it was a poor list, even wrong in places, and no longer displays. See the bottom of this document for better guidance.

WUWT Navigation Bars

Every so often, please take a break from reading the recent posts and comments to check the two navigation bars.

The top bar (with labels from "Home" to "WUWT stuff" goes to permanent posts that are updated frequently, sometimes automatically, sometimes manually. The most important label is "Resource Pages". When you hover the cursor over it, a submenu appears listing the the various domains WUWT covers. The most popular of these is the Sea Ice Reference Page. Many readers like to follow the progression of Arctic sea ice extent each summer because of the frequent handwringing from Al Gore and the NSIDC about how soon we'll have an ice free Arctic. Given that we've only had good data for this since polar satellites started returning images of ice cover, no one can make authoritative predictions for the current season, let alone the next.

The right side nav bar is a potpourri of information and links to internal and external sites. The search box searches the content WUWT posts but not the comments. It's a good way to hunt down some post on a subject you remember reading about. Some links go to Anthony's business, Weather Shop (please buy stuff there!), some have current images of a subject and a link to more information. Anthony's lists of other blogs is unique in that he links to blogs that are major detractors of WUWT, most of which disparage WUWT but don't link to it.

Everything else is pretty much self explanatory. It changes frequently enough so a periodic check is worthwhile to see what's new and what you've forgotten about.

WUWT Tables of Contents

Two series of ToCs are available:

Monthly - This is good to check if you know approximately when something happened and want to look for relevant posts. Even better, this is a good way to see what else was happening then.

Categories - This is good to check if you are interested in particular topics. Even better, if you are looking for topics to be interested in, check out the list.

You can also use the right side nav bar to find the same information displayed as WordPress see fit. This includes some text at the beginning of each post. My pages only have the title, and everything is in a single web page. They both have their merits.

WUWT Classics

Here are some posts that deserve to used as reference works, not just as comment-du-jour. The real reference is usually elsewhere, but a lot of us heard it first here.

Guest poster Willis Eschenbach always comes up with fascinating posts. Even his autobiographical posts are remarkable. He's collected An Index to Willis's Writings up to May 2011 and deserves this special entry here.

Titles and Links for the Last Two Weeks

Information here (and in the monthly and category pages) is collected soon after midnight Pacific time (which is WUWT time, at least as far as dates go). The "Recent" column is the number of comments made yesterday and may be most useful for finding older posts that are still active for some reason. Sometimes those reasons are an interesting exchange of information and collaboration. Sometimes it's just two pig-headed bores who don't know when to stop. Sometimes you can't tell the difference!

Daily summary Total WUWT
views to date
WUWT index page for 2017 Aug 18323,719,507
Almost as good as being there: Computer simulations provide video of #Eclipse2017 6565
NASA’s Secret Plan to Save Earth From Super-Volcanoes… Seriously? 313313
Reporter Confronts Al Gore On Sea Level Rise Claims, Gets Called A ‘Denier’ 4040
Study validates East Antarctic ice sheet to remain stable even if western ice sheet melts 1212
Politicians Can’t Get Enough Energy Cronyism 5252
Climate Change Metastasising into a New Reason to Hate the West 6565
WUWT index page for 2017 Aug 17323,622,947
REPORT: ‘Many Of The EPA’s Functions Could Be Abolished’ 7548
India sets grain production record 488
What do we know about Arctic sea ice trends? 263158
Study: Global Warming Will Cut Crop Yields – Assuming No Adaption 12812
Why the Former Elites With the Best Access to Information are the Most Misinformed? 1319
WUWT index page for 2017 Aug 16323,521,612
A Few Thoughts on the Fourth National Climate Assessment (NCA4) 710
The great carbon scam 1417
Trump To Repeal Obama Executive Order On Sea Level Rise 1126
He’s Baaaaaaaccckkk! (Oy) 2115
‘Donald Trump forest’ climate change project gains momentum 19313
Climate Science Double-Speak 2086
WUWT index page for 2017 Aug 15323,412,458
Pakistan: Give Us Climate Cash or We’ll Keep Burning Coal 1289
Hyping draft climate studies only serves alarmism 480
Ozone treaty taking a bite out of US greenhouse gas emissions 1140
Top Electric Grid Regulator Will Make Keeping Coal Plants Online One Of His Main Goals 1030
An Inconvenient Split? 1341
Geologists warn us about dangerous volcanoes. Will we spend pennies for warnings? 1041
WUWT index page for 2017 Aug 14323,305,359
2017 National Climate Assessment: A Self-Falsifying Prophecy? 1180
Scientists discover 91 volcanoes below Antarctic ice sheet 1761
Feds Spend $22.8 Million Helping California Fix The Dam It Neglected For Years 1136
Experiments cast doubt on how the Earth was formed 1853
Pruitt: EPA will review ‘politicized’ climate science report 2180
WUWT index page for 2017 Aug 13323,186,139
$50 Million Dollar Massachusetts Renewable Energy Fraud 691
Good For The Greenland Ice Sheet, Bad For The Corn Belt 1501
Paul Krugman shows why the climate campaign failed 2070
Life in a fossil-fuel-free utopia 2150
Luxury Maine Geoengineering Climate Conference 1010
Cooling Deep Oceans – and the Earth’s General Background Temperature 1891
WUWT index page for 2017 Aug 12323,086,313
Uncovered: decades-old government report showing climate data was bad, unfit for purpose 1150
Ham radio operators to test the ionosphere globally during eclipse 431
Some Of The World’s Largest Non-Polar Glaciers Are Expanding, Despite Global Warming 1836
Peter Stott being economical with the truth 941
A Perfect Correlation – US Electricity Price v Consumption 1640
WUWT index page for 2017 Aug 11322,988,321
Guam Threatened? 880
When The Model Models Itself 1980
Mythical subsidies. The energy case. 540
New Orleans Official Blamed Flooding On ‘Climate Change,’ But Broken Pumps Were To Blame 1451
Dr. Judith Curry Explains The Reality Of Bad Climate Science And Bad Politics 1451
The Social Costs of Air Pollution from Cars in the UK 1090
Arctic melt season changes and the Arctic regime shift 3010
WUWT index page for 2017 Aug 10322,883,268
Claim: Climate Science Does Not Have to be Falsifiable 2620
Drilling set to begin in British shale 1320
US Climate Report Edits Out Highly Embarrassing Section 1590
So What Happened to the Science? 1260
Rotten Tomatoes – An Inconvenient Sequel – An Awkward Reality 1350
WUWT index page for 2017 Aug 9322,768,695
‘The Footprint of Energy: Land Use of U.S. Electricity Production’ 2130
Underground magma triggered Earth’s worst mass extinction with greenhouse gases 1070
Warm periods in the 20th century are not unprecedented during the last 2,000 years 470
Extreme heat linked to climate change may adversely affect pregnancy 890
No longer water under the bridge, statistics yields new data on sea levels 2010
Here’s How to Avoid Climate Panics 280
NYT Caught Switching Out Documents To Fix Botched Climate Change Article 630
Green Lunacy: Fossil Fuel Mandates, to Stabilise Mandated Renewable Electricity Supplies 400
The good, the bad and the algae 800
WUWT index page for 2017 Aug 8322,636,540
Nuclear Fusion / Fission Hybrid? 871
The Rainmakers 1260
Tesla Solar Roof: ‘Deal or Dud’? 2380
The Effects of the Bray Climate and Solar Cycle 1360
‘Dodgy’ greenhouse gas data threatens Paris accord 1020
EXCLUSIVE: Researcher Claims To Have Evidence One Of EPA’s Most Successful Clean Air Rules Is Based On Fabricated Data 940
Researchers crack the ‘Karakoram anomaly’ 450
Weather-related Natural Disasters: Should we be concerned about a reversion to the mean? 490
BoM raw temperature data, GHCN and global averages. 3560
Down with Internet Gatekeepers! 1480
WUWT index page for 2017 Aug 7322,500,679
Lindzen: On the ‘Death of Skepticism’ Concerning Climate Hysteria 1580
‘Coal plants keep closing on Trump’s watch’… And why it doesn’t matter to the Resurgence of the American Coal Industry! 1290
Gore’s “inconvenient bomb” continues – climate doom movie tanks due to limited release in only 180 theaters 1640
End-Permian Extinction Due to Contact Metamorphism? 1250
Global Warming Caused Vikings to Become Terrorists 1290
Child miners aged four living a hell on Earth so YOU can drive an electric car: Awful human cost in squalid Congo cobalt mine that Michael Gove didn’t consider in his ‘clean’ energy crusade 2630
Nano aluminium offers fuel cells on demand – just add water 1450
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #280 100
Shameless fear-mongering – versus reality 690
WUWT index page for 2017 Aug 6322,368,853
Aussie Liberal Press Notices the Importance of Reliable Electricity 1110
The Kaiser Has No Clothes 1350
Aug. 2, 2017 Space Station Flyover of Super Typhoon Noru 780
Two weeks in the life of a sunspot 420
How Natural Gas and Wind Decarbonize the Grid 1200
WUWT index page for 2017 Aug 5322,276,902
Volcanic Northern Winters 970
BLACK MAG: ‘Climate Gentrification’ Could Price Black People Out Of Their Homes 680
Offshore Wind Turbine Project – Statoil’s Hywind Scotland–A Positive Viewpoint 6410
EPA Ethics Panel: It is NOT Unethical to Question Climate Dogma 2240

Formatting in comments

Neither WUWT nor WordPress provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has start and end pieces and has general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the ending. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text Command strong does the same
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text Command em (emphasize) does the same
a (anchor) See <a href=http://wermenh.com>My home page</a> See My home page A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress, e.g. See http://wermenh.com
blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text
quoted text
More of my text
Quoted text can be many paragraphs long. WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike  
pre ("preformatted" - use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn't do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> Wordpress handles this very differently See http://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.
iframe <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/yaBNjTtCxd4" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Useful for including Youtube videos, see below.

The following commands appear to work only in replies to comments or in block quotes. There seems to be no explanation of why or how WordPress does this. I assume it's a bug, I assume they meant to prevent these commands from passing through at all. It may be that they let almost anything else through too. Oh my, these only work for me if I'm logged into my WordPress account (they don't work if I use my FaceBook account). It may be they work only because I have the ability to post new articles.

Bottom line: don't expect the following to work....

u (underline) This is <u>underlined</u> text This is underlined text Why, WordPress, why?
hr (horizontal rule) <hr>This has hr commands before and after the text<hr>
This has hr commands before and after the text
There's no ending command. You're expected to use <hr /> commands.
h1 <h1>Header size 1</h1>

Header size 1

These are used for section headers in long web pages, so may not be all that useful or welcome on WUWT. On my browser they display large blue sans-serif text.
h2 <h2>Header size 2</h2>

Header size 2

h3 <h3>Header size 3</h3>

Header size 3

h4 <h4>Header size 4</h4>

Header size 4

Levels 4, 5, and 6 all seem to do the same thing. They display small black text, subsequent text is normal size and hence bigger. In a reply, the header is in a serif font, in a block quote, it's a sans serif font like the rest of the quote.
h5 <h5>Header size 5</h5>
Header size 5
h6 <h6>Header size 6</h6>
Header size 6

Youtube videos

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, YouTube accepts the HTML for "embedded" videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the "embed" button and it will suggest HTML like:
<iframe width="560" height="315"
        frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

You can change the size of the frame to display by selecting one in the "Video size" menu below, I suggest not copying the width and height attributes, WordPress should choose a large size.

Copy and paste the HTML into your comment and it WordPress will generate something like:

Special characters in comments

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today's international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that's the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type thisTo getNotes
&lt;<Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&deg;°Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))

Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for digits 0-9)

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for digits 0-9)
&pound;£British pound
&ntilde;ñFor La Niña & El Niño
&micro;µMu, micro
&plusmn;±Plus or minus
&ne;Not equals
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt;>Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
N.B. this is generally not needed

Linking to past comments

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is "hidden" under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose "Copy link location" from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you're writing. You should see something like http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The "#<label>" at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, Wordpress will create a link for you, you don't need to add an <a> command around it.

Climate Audit Assistant

Another approach to dealing with this is a Firefox add-on that replaces the edit window with a better one that has buttons for formatting text. It's a two piece install, see the web page for details. It coexists okay with the "It's all Text" extension that lets you send the text in a text edit window to your regular editor.

Contact Ric Werme or return to his home page.

Written 2009 Dec 5, last updated 2014 December 28.